Burns: Introduction, common places and causes, Types and Etiology, Risk groups


  • Injuries that result from direct contact with or exposure to any thermal, chemical, or radiation sources are termed as burns
  • Burn injuries occur when energy from heat source is transferred to the tissue of the body
Common places and causes of burn injury
Occupational hazards
  • Tar
  • Fertilizers/ pesticides
  • Chemicals  
  • Electricity from power lines
  • Hot metals
  • Sparks from live electric sources  
  • Steam pipes
  • Combustible fuels
  • Home or recreational hazards

Kitchen / bathroom
  • Pressure cookers
  • Hot grease or hot liquids from cooking
  • Microwaved food
  • Hot water heater
General home
  • Gas fireplaces
  • Carelessness with cigarettes and matches
  • Open space heaters.
  • Frayed or defective wiring
  • Improper use / storage of flammables (e.g. starter fluid , gasoline, kerosene)
  • Improper use of outdoor grills
  • Radiators (home or automobiles)
  • Multiple extension cords per outlet

Types and Etiology
  • Categorized according to the mechanism of injuries
  1. Thermal burns:
  • by exposure to or contact with flame
  • hot liquids, semi liquids ( steam), semisolids(tar)    
  • hot objects like residential fires  
  • exposure to automobile accidents
  • scald injuries, clothing, ingestion
  • poorly stored flammable liquids

  1. Chemical burns :
They are generally associated with acidic or alkaline solutions, such as bleach, drain or toilet  cleaners or metal cleaners.
  • occur from direct contact with chemical or splashing onto skin or eyes.
  • Risk group: Industrial, military or agricultural chemicals at work

  1. Electrical burns

  • The amount of current (low-high voltage or high tension), type of current (direct or alternating) and path of current( hand to toe), length of contact, and extenuating events ( water or fall).
  • Direct current such as lightening, defibrillator.
  • Alternating current produces tetany and a locked on phenomenon in which the person cant let go the source.  

  1. Radiation burns :
  • Sunburn, nuclear radiation accidents, industrial radiation and therapeutic radiation.
  • The degree of injury depends on the length of exposure, strength of radiation, distance from the source and amount of body surface exposed to the source.
  • Erythema, blistering, wet or dry desquamation or ulceration.

  1. Inhalation injury
  • Occurs when a person directly inhales smoke, hot air, flames or systemic toxins such as carbon monoxide.
  • Residential and building fires
  • Signs are soot around the nose and mouth, early respiratory distress, and facial burns

Risk groups
  • Scalds, house hold chemicals, electrical residential fires are seen in from birth to 4 years of age.
  • Residential fires and risky behaviors seen in 5 to 14 years.
  • Automobile related and work related seen in 15 - 24 years.
  • Work related seen in 25 to 64 years.
  • Scalds, smoking and cooking accidents seen in more than 65 years.



anaphysio,4,ASEPSIS AND INFECTION CONTROL,9,audio,1,biochemistry,2,blog,1,BSN Notes: Assessment in Psychiatry,6,BSN Notes: Burns,11,BSN Notes: Care of Terminally Ill Patients,6,BSN Notes: Childhood and Developmental Disorders,6,BSN Notes: Common Behavioural and Social Problems,4,BSN Notes: Common Childhood Diseases,7,BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms,32,BSN Notes: Community Mental Health Nursing,12,BSN Notes: Critical Care,12,BSN Notes: Disaster and Emergency,15,BSN Notes: ENT,8,BSN Notes: Eye,25,BSN Notes: History and Assessment,24,BSN Notes: Introduction of Psychiatry,27,BSN Notes: Legal Issues In Psychiatry,4,BSN Notes: Medication Administration,24,BSN Notes: Neuritic_Stress related and Somatization Disorders,10,BSN Notes: Neurology,6,BSN Notes: Oncological Nursing,8,BSN Notes: Organic Brain Disorders,1,BSN Notes: Oxygenation,3,BSN Notes: Personality_Sexual and Eating Disorders,5,BSN Notes: Principles and Concepts of Psychiatry Nursing,2,BSN Notes: Psych-pharmacology and Other Treatment Modalities,30,BSN Notes: Psychiatry Emergencies and Crisis Intervention,4,BSN Notes: Psychosocial Needs,5,BSN Notes: Schizophrenia and othe Psychotic Disorders,4,BSN Notes: The healthy child,5,BSN Notes: TNPR,9,BSN Notes: Urinary Elimination,14,chn,41,clinicalkannada,4,clinicals1,40,clinicals2,13,clinicals3,33,clinicals4,17,Code of Ethics,3,community,7,Critical thinking,7,drugs,3,Epidemiological Approach,4,Equipment & Linen,9,Equipments & Linen,1,Etics and Legal,1,exa,1,exam,11,featured,19,fon,142,fon3,142,fun,1,geriatric,1,goingbacktodraft,673,graphic,1,Growth and Development,5,he,115,hotspot,6,kannada,63,language,1,Machinery,10,Medications,1,Memory Tools,9,mhn,127,microbiology,3,misc,2,mnemonics,48,msn,137,NCLEX,13,ncp,27,news,4,obg,28,OBG Medications,1,Peri- operative Nursing,2,pharma,29,Physical Examination and Assessment,9,Psychology,2,Pulse,7,resources,1,Respiration,4,Transitional care,1,Ventilators,5,voice,2,
notes.nursium.com: Burns: Introduction, common places and causes, Types and Etiology, Risk groups
Burns: Introduction, common places and causes, Types and Etiology, Risk groups
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy