National health policy
National Health Policy was first formulated in 1983 and revised in 2002.
· To achieve an acceptable standard of good health in India.
· Increase access to decentralized public health system by establishing new infrastructure in deficient areas and by upgrading the infrastructure in the existing institutions.
Specific recommendations with regard to mental health
· Upgrading infrastructure of institutions at central government expense so as to secure the human rights of this vulnerable segment of society.
· Envisages a network of decentralized mental health services for ameliorating the more common categories of disorders.
Specific discussion regarding mental health
· Mental health disorders are actually much more prevalent than is apparent on the surface, while such disorders do not contribute significantly to mortality; they have a serious bearing on the quality of life of the affected persons and their families.
· Sometimes, based on religious faith, mental disorders are treated as spiritual affliction. This has led to the establishment of unlicensed mental institutions as an adjunct to religious institutions whereas reliance is placed on faith cure.
· Serious conditions of mental disorders require hospitalization and treatment under trained supervision.
· Mental health institutions are woefully deficient in physical infrastructure and trained rnanpower. NHP-2002 will address itself to these deficiencies in the public health sector.