Defination of Mental Heal, Components of mental health, Criteria (characteristics) for mental health

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Introduction:
Health and illness are defined according to the values of society in which the person belongs. When a person is able to adjust and adapt to his environment he said to be healthy. A person with good mental health functions comfortably with the society. He is satisfied himself and his achievements.
Definition of health
According to World Health Organization health is "a state of complete, physical, mental and social well - being not merely the absence of disease or infirmity".
MENTAL HEALTH
Mental health 
Mental health is a state of balance between the individual and surrounding world, a state of harmony between oneself and others, a co-existence between the realities of the self and that of other people and the environment.
Definition of mental health
Karl Menninger (1947) defines mental health as "An adjustment of human beings to the world and to each other with a maximum of effectiveness and happiness".
The American Psychiatric Association (APA 1980) defines mental health as "Simultaneous success at working, loving and creating with the capacity for mature and flexible resolution of conflicts between instincts, conscience, important other people and reality".
Components of mental health
The ability to accept self- a mentally healthy individual feels comfortable about himself. He feels reasonably secure and adequately accepts his surroundings.
The capacity to feel right towards others- an individual who enjoys good mental health is able to be sincerely interested in other's welfare. He has friendships that are satisfying and lasting.
The ability to fulfil the life's tasks- a mentally healthy person is able to think for himself, set reasonable goals and take his own decision. He does something about the problems as they arise.
Criteria (characteristics) for mental health
A mentally healthy person has-
·         Ability to make adjustments
·         Sense of personal worth, feels worthwhile and important
·         Solves problems largely by his/her own effort and makes his/her own decisions
·         Sense of personal security and feels secure in a group, shows understanding of other people's problems and motives
·         Sense of responsibility
·         He/she can give and accept love
·         Lives in a world of reality rather than fantasy
·         Shows emotional maturity in his/her behavior, and develops a capacity to tolerate frustration and disappointments in his/her daily life
·         Has developed a philosophy of life that gives meaning and purpose to his/her daily activities
·         Has a variety of interests and generally lives a well-balanced life of work, rest and recreation.
Mental health is a state of balance between the individual and surrounding world, a state of harmony between oneself and others, a co-existence between the realities of the self and that of other people and the environment.


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notes.nursium.com: Defination of Mental Heal, Components of mental health, Criteria (characteristics) for mental health
Defination of Mental Heal, Components of mental health, Criteria (characteristics) for mental health
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