Pharmacology mnemonics Part 1

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Pharmacology Mnemonics


Morphine: side-effects MORPHINE:
Myosis
Out of it (sedation)
Respiratory depression
Pneumonia (aspiration)
Hypotension
Infrequency (constipation, urinary
retention)
Nausea Emesis

CNS Effects of Morphine
SCREAMNT
S edation
C ough suppression/convulsions
R espiratory depression
E uphoria
A nalgesia M yosis (but may cause mydriasis in doses causing asphyxia) N ausea and vomiting
T runcal rigidity (especially with fentanyl)


Cocaine: cardiovascular effect COcaine causes blood vessels to COnstrict (unlike other local anesthetics which cause vasodilation).


Aminoglycosides: common characteristics AMINO:
Active Against Aerobic gram negative
Mechanism of resistance are Modifying enzymes
Inhibit protein synthesis by binding to
30S subunit
Nephrotoxic
Ototoxic

Sulfonamides: common characteristics SULFA:
Steven-Johnson syndrome/ Skin rash
/ Solubility low
Urine precipitation/ Useful for UTI Large spectrum (gram positives and negatives)
Folic acids synthesis blocker (as well as synthesis of nucleic acids)
Analog of PABA

Diuretics: groups "Leak Over The CAN":
Loop diuretics
Osmotics
Thiazides
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Aldosterone inhibitors
Na (sodium) channel blockers · Note: "leak" is slang for urination and "can" is slang for a toilet.


Gynacomastia, Drugs That Cause

"Some Drugs Create Awesome Knoc kers Spironolactone
D igistalis
C isplatin
A lcohol
K etoconozole

Thalidomide: effect on cancer cells "Thalidomide makes the blood vessels hide": Use thalidomide to stop cancer cells from growing new blood vessels.


Tuberculosis: treatment If you forget your TB drugs, you'll die and might need a PRIEST":
Pyrazinamide
Rifampin
Isoniazid (INH)
Ethambutol
STreptomycin

Warfarin: interactions ACADEMIC QACS:
Amiodarone
Cimetidine
Aspirin
Dapsone
Erythromycin
Metronidazole
Indomethacin
Clofibrates
Quinidine
Azapropazone
Ciprofloxacin Statins


Patent ductus arteriosus: which prostaglandin keeps it open kEEp opEn with prostaglandin E.


Carbamazepine (CBZ): use CBZ:
Cranial Nerve V (trigeminal) neuralgia
Bipolar disorder Zeisures
   

Microtubules: drugs that act on microtubules. "The  MicroTubule Growth Voiding Chemical s":
Thiabendazole Mebendazole
Taxol
Griseofulvin
Vincristine/ Vinblastine Colchicine


Insulin: mixing regular insulin and NPH "Not Ready, Ready Now":
Air into NPH
Air into Regular
Draw up Regular Draw up NPH Benzodiazepins: 3 members that undergo extrahepatic metabolism "Outside The Liver":
Oxazepam
Temazepam
Lorazepam
These undergo extrahepatic metabolism and do not form active metabolites.


Guanethidine: mechanism GuaNEthidine prevents NE
(norepinephrine) release.



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