Morphine: side-effects MORPHINE:
Out of it (sedation)
Infrequency (constipation, urinary
CNS Effects of Morphine
C ough suppression/convulsions
R espiratory depression
A nalgesia M yosis (but may cause mydriasis in doses causing asphyxia) N ausea and vomiting
T runcal rigidity (especially with fentanyl)
Cocaine: cardiovascular effect COcaine causes blood vessels to COnstrict (unlike other local anesthetics which cause vasodilation).
Aminoglycosides: common characteristics AMINO:
Active Against Aerobic gram negative
Mechanism of resistance are Modifying enzymes
Inhibit protein synthesis by binding to
Sulfonamides: common characteristics SULFA:
Steven-Johnson syndrome/ Skin rash
/ Solubility low
Urine precipitation/ Useful for UTI Large spectrum (gram positives and negatives)
Folic acids synthesis blocker (as well as synthesis of nucleic acids)
Analog of PABA
Diuretics: groups "Leak Over The CAN":
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Na (sodium) channel blockers · Note: "leak" is slang for urination and "can" is slang for a toilet.
Gynacomastia, Drugs That Cause
"Some Drugs Create Awesome Knoc kers Spironolactone
Thalidomide: effect on cancer cells "Thalidomide makes the blood vessels hide": Use thalidomide to stop cancer cells from growing new blood vessels.
Tuberculosis: treatment If you forget your TB drugs, you'll die and might need a PRIEST":
Warfarin: interactions ACADEMIC QACS:
Patent ductus arteriosus: which prostaglandin keeps it open kEEp opEn with prostaglandin E.
Carbamazepine (CBZ): use CBZ:
Cranial Nerve V (trigeminal) neuralgia
Bipolar disorder Zeisures
Microtubules: drugs that act on microtubules. "The MicroTubule Growth Voiding Chemical s":
Vincristine/ Vinblastine Colchicine
Insulin: mixing regular insulin and NPH "Not Ready, Ready Now":
Air into NPH
Air into Regular
Draw up Regular Draw up NPH Benzodiazepins: 3 members that undergo extrahepatic metabolism "Outside The Liver":
These undergo extrahepatic metabolism and do not form active metabolites.
Guanethidine: mechanism GuaNEthidine prevents NE