Pathology Mnemonics part 3

SHARE:

Pathology Mnemonics



Ovarian cancers: important types, by WHO classification · Surface:
"My Sister Began Experiencing Cance r":
Mucinous
Serous
Brenner
Endometrioid Clear
· Germ cell:
"Doctor Examined The Ovaries":
Dy sgerminoma
Endometrial sinus
Teratoma
Ov arian choriocarcinoma · Sex cord:
"She Felt Grim":
Sertoli-Leydig
Fibroma
Granulosa-theca
· Metastatic
"Killed":
Krukenberg


Kwashiorkor: distinguishing from Marasmus FLAME:
Fatty Liver
Anemia
Malabsorption Edema


Hemolytic anemia types SHEEP T!T:
Sickle cell
Heriditary splenocytosis
Enzy me deficiencies: [G6P, pyruvate kinase] Erythroblastosis fetalis
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
Trauma to RBCs
Immunohemolytics: [warm Ab, cold
Ag]
Thalassemias: [alpha, beta]


Oral cancer risks PATH LAB:
Plummer-vinson syndrome
Alcohol
Tobacco
Human papilloma virus
Leukoplakia
Asbestos
Bad oral hygiene


Pneumothorax: presentation PTHORAX:
Pleuretic pain
Trachea deviation
Hy perresonance
Onset sudden
Reduced breath sounds (& dypsnea)
Absent fremitus
X-ray shows collapse


Disseminated Intravascular
Cogulation: causes DIC: Deliv ery TEAR (obstetric complications) Infections (gram negative)/ Immunological Cancer (prostate, pancreas, lung, stomach)
· Obstretrical complications are TEAR: Toxemia of pregnancy
Emboli (amniotic)
Abrutio placentae
Retain fetus products


Leukemias: acute vs. chronic rules of thumb ABCDE:
Acute is:
Blasts predominate
Children
Drastic course
Elderly
Few WBC's (so Fev ers)
· Chronic is all the opposites:
Mature cells predominate
Middle aged
Less debilitating course Elev ated WBC's, so not a history of fev ers and infections


Pancreatitis: causes PANCREATITIS:
Posterior
Alcohol
Neoplasm
Cholelithiasis
Rx (lasix, AZT)
ERCP
Abdominal surgery
Trauma
Infection (mumps)
Triglycerides elevated
Idiopathic
Scorpion bite


Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura: signs FAT RN:
Fev er
Anemia
Thrombocytopenia
Renal problems
Neurologic dysfunction


Scrotum masses SHOVE IT:
Spermatocele
Hy drocele/ Haematocele
Orchitis
Varicocele
Epidymal cyst
Indirect inguinal hernia Torsion/ Tumor


Kawasaki disease: diagnostic criteria CHILD:
5 letters=5 days, >5 years old, 5 out 6 criteria for diagnosis:
Conjuctivitis (bilateral)
Hy perthermia (fever) >5 days
Idiopathic polymorphic rash
Ly mphoadenopathy (cervical)
Dry ness & redness of (i)lips & month (ii)palms & soles [2 separate criteria]


Pancoast tumor: relationship with Horner's syndrome "Horner has a MAP of the Coast":
A panCoast tumor is a cancer of the lung apex that compresses the cervical sympathetic plexus, causing Horner's sy ndrome, which is MAP:
Miosis
Anhidrosis Ptosis


Pericarditis: findings PERICarditis: Pulsus paradoxus
ECG changes
Rub
Increased JVP Chest pain [worse on inspiration, better when lean forward]


Calculi: types CAlCUli:
Calcium
Ammonium magnesium phosphate
Cy stine
Uric acid


Fat embolism: findings "Fat, Bat, Fract": Fat in urine, sputum
Bat-wing lung x-ray
Fracture history · Also, fracture of FEMur causes Fat EMboli.


Histiocytosis X: hallmark finding "Birbeck's rackets is X":
Tennis rackets under electron microscope is Histiocystosis X.
Consider 2 tennis rackets in an X formation.


Pulmonary fibrosis: differential of both upper and lower lobes BREAST SCAR:
· Upper lobe:
Bery liosis
Radiation
Extrinsic allergic alveolitis
Ankylosing spondylitis
Sarcoidosis
TB
· Lower lobe:
Sy stemic sclerosis
Cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis
Asbestosis Radiation


Gout vs. pseudogout: crystal lab findings Pseduogout crystals are: Positiv e birefringent
Poly gon shaped
· Gout therefore is the negative needle shaped crystals.
· Also, gout classically strikes great Toe, and its hallmark is Tophi.


Pulmonary embolism: risk factors 7 H's: Hereditary (eg factor V Leyden, protein C or S deficiency) History (previous DVT or PE)
Hy pomobility (fracture, CVA, severe illness, obesity, long trip)
Hy povolaemia (nephrotic syndrome, dehy dration) Hy percoagulability (smoking, malignancy) Hormones (oestrogens [esp. in OCP], puerperium) Hy perhomocysteinaemia


APKD: signs, complications, accelerators 11 B's: · Signs:
Bloody urine
Bilateral pain [vs. stones, which are usually unilateral pain] Blood pressure up
Bigger kidneys
Bumps palpable
· Complications:
Berry aneurysm
Biliary cysts Bicuspid valve [prolapse and other problems] · Accelerators:
Boy s
Blacks
Blood pressure high


Barter's syndrome: pathogenesis, major sign Barter: "In exchange for giving away Na+,K+,Cl-, y ou can drop the blood pressure".


Thyrotoxicosis syndrome: signs and symptoms "A Penny For Ev ery Symptom That Hyperthyroi dism Will Make Grossly Evident":
Anxiety
Palpitations/ Pulse rapid
Fatigability
Emotional lability
Sweating
Tremor
Heat intolerance
Weight loss with good appetite Muscular weakness/ Menstrual changes Goitre
Ey e changes


Peptic ulcer: associated causative factors SHAZAM: Smoking
Hy percalcemia
Aspirin
Zollinger-Ellison
Acidity
MEN ty pe I
· These may work with H. pylori to promote ulceration, or may act alone.


Carcinoid syndrome: components CARCinoid:
Cutaneous flushing
Asthmatic wheezing
Right sided valvular heart lesions Cramping and diarrhea


Anemia causes (simplified) ANEMIA:
Anemia of chronic disease
No folate or B12
Ethanol
Marrow failure & hemaglobinopathies
Iron deficient
Acute & chronic blood loss

COMMENTS

Name

anaphysio,3,ASEPSIS AND INFECTION CONTROL,9,audio,1,biochemistry,2,blog,1,BSN Notes: Assessment in Psychiatry,6,BSN Notes: Burns,11,BSN Notes: Care of Terminally Ill Patients,6,BSN Notes: Childhood and Developmental Disorders,6,BSN Notes: Common Behavioural and Social Problems,4,BSN Notes: Common Childhood Diseases,7,BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms,32,BSN Notes: Community Mental Health Nursing,12,BSN Notes: Critical Care,12,BSN Notes: Disaster and Emergency,15,BSN Notes: ENT,8,BSN Notes: Eye,25,BSN Notes: History and Assessment,24,BSN Notes: Introduction of Psychiatry,27,BSN Notes: Legal Issues In Psychiatry,4,BSN Notes: Medication Administration,24,BSN Notes: Neuritic_Stress related and Somatization Disorders,10,BSN Notes: Neurology,6,BSN Notes: Oncological Nursing,8,BSN Notes: Organic Brain Disorders,1,BSN Notes: Oxygenation,3,BSN Notes: Personality_Sexual and Eating Disorders,5,BSN Notes: Principles and Concepts of Psychiatry Nursing,2,BSN Notes: Psych-pharmacology and Other Treatment Modalities,30,BSN Notes: Psychiatry Emergencies and Crisis Intervention,4,BSN Notes: Psychosocial Needs,5,BSN Notes: Schizophrenia and othe Psychotic Disorders,4,BSN Notes: The healthy child,5,BSN Notes: TNPR,9,BSN Notes: Urinary Elimination,14,chn,41,clinicalkannada,4,clinicals1,35,clinicals2,10,clinicals3,26,clinicals4,11,Code of Ethics,3,community,7,Critical thinking,7,drugs,3,Equipment & Linen,9,Equipments & Linen,1,Etics and Legal,1,exa,1,exam,11,featured,19,fon,141,fon3,141,fun,1,geriatric,1,graphic,1,Growth and Development,5,he,93,hotspot,6,kannada,54,language,1,Machinery,10,Medications,1,Memory Tools,9,mhn,126,microbiology,3,misc,2,mnemonics,48,msn,137,NCLEX,13,ncp,27,news,4,obg,28,OBG Medications,1,Peri- operative Nursing,2,pharma,29,Physical Examination and Assessment,9,Psychology,2,Pulse,7,resources,1,Respiration,4,Transitional care,1,Ventilators,5,voice,2,
ltr
item
notes.nursium.com: Pathology Mnemonics part 3
Pathology Mnemonics part 3
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-AJr4WzXwQAE/WOpGKprg0LI/AAAAAAAAb7A/cTIavVYfAaEaGOdRgcN-7AbUNpkfFl7cQCLcB/s320/pathology-slide.jpg
https://2.bp.blogspot.com/-AJr4WzXwQAE/WOpGKprg0LI/AAAAAAAAb7A/cTIavVYfAaEaGOdRgcN-7AbUNpkfFl7cQCLcB/s72-c/pathology-slide.jpg
notes.nursium.com
https://notes.nursium.com/2017/04/pathology-mnemonics-part-3.html
https://notes.nursium.com/
https://notes.nursium.com/
https://notes.nursium.com/2017/04/pathology-mnemonics-part-3.html
true
3454605208880343795
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy