Pathology Mnemonics part 2


Pathology Mnemonics

MI: post-MI complications ACT
Arrhythmias (SVT, VT, VF)
Congestive cardiac failure Tamponade/ Thromboembolic disorders
Rupture (ventricle, septum, papillary muscle) Aneurysm (ventricle)
Infaction (a second one)
Death/ Dressler's sy ndrome

Hypersplenism: criteria "Hy per Splenism Ravages Cells":
Hy percellular or normal marrow
Response to splenectomy Cy topenias

Whipple's disease: full features WHIPPLES:
Weight loss
Hy perpigmentation of skin
Infection with tropheryma whippelii
PAS positiv e granules in macrophage
Poly arthritis
Ly mphadenopathy
Enteric involvement Steatorrhea

Pick's disease: features PICK:
Progressive degeneration of neurons
Intracytoplasmic Pick bodies
Cortical atrophy Knife edge gyri

Alzheimer's disease (AD): associations, findings AD: · Associations:
Aluminum toxicity
Acetylcholine deficiencies
Amyloid B
Apolipoprotein gene E
Altered nucleus basalis of Mey nert
· Findings: Actin inclusions (Hirano bodies)
Atrophy of brain
Amyloid plaques
Aphasia, Apraxia, Agitation
DNA-coiled tangles
Dementia, Disoriented, Depressed

Osteomalacia: features "Vit-D deficiency in ADULT": Acetabuli protrusio
Decresed bone density
Under mineralization of osteoid
Looser's zone (pseudofracture)
Triradiate pelvis (females)

Anemia (normocytic): causes ABCD:
Acute blood loss
Bone marrow failure
Chronic disease
Destruction (hemolysis)

Phaeochromocytoma: diagnositc rule · Rule of 10's:
10% ectopic
10% multiple
10% malignant

Hematuria: urethral causes NUTS: Neoplasm
Tumour Stone

CREST sydrome: components CREST:
Ray naud's phenomena
Esophageal dysmotility

TTP: clinical features Thrombosis and thrombocytopenia  
PARTNER together:
Platelet count low
Anemia (microangiopathic hemolytic)
Renal failure
Temperature rise
Neurological deficits
ERadmission (as it is an emergency)

Pancreatitis: causes BAD S#!T:
Biliary: gallstones, 1% of ERCP patients Alcoholism/ Azotemia
Scorpion bite/ Sea anenome/ SLE
Hy perlipidemia/ Hypercalcemia Idiopathic/ Infectious (mumps, coxsackie, salmonella, ascariasis)
Tumor/ Trauma
· The drugs are: penacillamine, furosemide, thiazides, ethacrynic acid, steroids, sulfas, ace inhibitors, NSAIDs, erythromycin, estrogen.

Fragile-X syndrome: features DSM-4: Discontinued chromosome staining
Shows anticipation
Male (male more affected) Mental retardation (2nd most common genetic cause) Macrognathia

Endometrial carcinoma: risk factors HONDA: Hy pertension
Age (increased)

Kawasaki's disease: features FEAR ME: Fev er
Ey e: perilimbic sparing conjunctival injection Adenopathy: usually cervical
Mouth: red lips
Extremities: red hands and feet
· Disease to be feared because of risk of coronary aneurysms.

Pheochromocytoma: common symptoms 5 P's:
Paroxysmal rise in BP
Pain in abdomen PMV in urine

IBD: extraintestinal manifestations "Left intestine to sail the SEAS of the rest of the body": Skin manifestations: erythema nodosum, pyoderma gangrenosum
Ey e inflammation: iritis, episcleritis
Sclerosing cholangitis

MI: complications "LEAP on the MAP": LVF
Embolism (systemic)
Aneurysm (ventricular)
Progressive infarction
My ocardial rupture

Portal hypertension: features ABCDE:
Bleeding (haematemesis, piles)
Caput medusae
Diminished liver Enlarged spleen

Alzheimer's disease: features RONALD (Ronald Reagan, a famous victim): Reduction of Ach
Old age
Neurofibrillary tangles
Atrophy of cerebral cortex (diffuse)
Language impairment Dementia (MC in elderly)/ Down's sy ndrome

Gout: major features GOUT: Great toe
One joint (75% monoarticular)
Uric acid increased (hence urolithiasis) Tophi

Seronegative spondyloarthopathy: diseases RAPE:
Reiter's sy ndrome
Ankylosing spondylitis
Psoriatic arthitis
Enteropathic arthitis (IBD)

Protein C, Protein S: function C and S are: Clot
· These proteins inhibit coagulation.

Melanoma vs. basal cell, squamous cell carcinoma: metastatic ability MElanoma is more likely to MEtastasize. · Basal and squamous hardly ever metastasize.

Hepatocellular carcinoma: aetiology, features ABC: Aetiology:
Hep B
Cirrhosis · Features:
AFP increased (classic marker) Bile-producing (DDx from cholangiocarcinoma) Commonest primary liver tumor

Goitre: differential GOITRE:
Onset of puberty Iodine deficiency
Thyrotoxicosis/ Tumor/ Thyroiditis
Reproduction [pregnancy] Enzy me deficiencies

Renal failure (chronic): consequences ABCDEFG: Anemia
-due to less EPO
Bone alterations
-v on Recklinghausen Cardiopulmonary
-hy pertension
D v itamin loss
Electrolyte imbalance
-sodium loss/gain
-metabolic acidosis
-hy perkalemia
Fev erous infections -due to leukocyte abnormalities and dialysis hazards GI disturbances
-haemorrhagic gastritis
-peptic ulcer disease
-intractable hiccups

Adrenal disorders: Cushing's vs Addison's Cushing: is Gushing cortisol. In Addison's: patient's cortisol doesn't Add up.

Aneurysm types MAD SCAB:
My cotic
Sy philitic
Capillary microaneurysm
Arteriovenous fistula Berry

Nephrotic syndrome: hallmark findings "Protein LEAC":
Lipid up
Albumin down Cholesterol up
· In nephrotic, the proteins leakout. 



anaphysio,3,ASEPSIS AND INFECTION CONTROL,9,audio,1,biochemistry,2,blog,1,BSN Notes: Assessment in Psychiatry,6,BSN Notes: Burns,11,BSN Notes: Care of Terminally Ill Patients,6,BSN Notes: Childhood and Developmental Disorders,6,BSN Notes: Common Behavioural and Social Problems,4,BSN Notes: Common Childhood Diseases,7,BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms,32,BSN Notes: Community Mental Health Nursing,12,BSN Notes: Critical Care,12,BSN Notes: Disaster and Emergency,15,BSN Notes: ENT,8,BSN Notes: Eye,25,BSN Notes: History and Assessment,24,BSN Notes: Introduction of Psychiatry,27,BSN Notes: Legal Issues In Psychiatry,4,BSN Notes: Medication Administration,24,BSN Notes: Neuritic_Stress related and Somatization Disorders,10,BSN Notes: Neurology,6,BSN Notes: Oncological Nursing,8,BSN Notes: Organic Brain Disorders,1,BSN Notes: Oxygenation,3,BSN Notes: Personality_Sexual and Eating Disorders,5,BSN Notes: Principles and Concepts of Psychiatry Nursing,2,BSN Notes: Psych-pharmacology and Other Treatment Modalities,30,BSN Notes: Psychiatry Emergencies and Crisis Intervention,4,BSN Notes: Psychosocial Needs,5,BSN Notes: Schizophrenia and othe Psychotic Disorders,4,BSN Notes: The healthy child,5,BSN Notes: TNPR,9,BSN Notes: Urinary Elimination,14,chn,41,clinicalkannada,4,clinicals1,35,clinicals2,10,clinicals3,26,clinicals4,11,Code of Ethics,3,community,7,Critical thinking,7,drugs,3,Equipment & Linen,9,Equipments & Linen,1,Etics and Legal,1,exa,1,exam,11,featured,19,fon,141,fon3,141,fun,1,geriatric,1,graphic,1,Growth and Development,5,he,93,hotspot,6,kannada,54,language,1,Machinery,10,Medications,1,Memory Tools,9,mhn,126,microbiology,3,misc,2,mnemonics,48,msn,137,NCLEX,13,ncp,27,news,4,obg,28,OBG Medications,1,Peri- operative Nursing,2,pharma,29,Physical Examination and Assessment,9,Psychology,2,Pulse,7,resources,1,Respiration,4,Transitional care,1,Ventilators,5,voice,2,
item Pathology Mnemonics part 2
Pathology Mnemonics part 2
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy