Nursing Mnemonics Collection Part -5

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Acid-base—"RAMS" (Respiratory Alternate, Metabolic Same)
Or
“ROME” (Respiratory Opposite, Metabolic Equal )

Respiratory (Alternate)
Metabolic (Same)
Acidosis
pH↓
pCO2↑
pH↓
HCO3↓
Alkalosis
pH↑
pCO2↓
pH↑
HCO3↑

Alcohol withdrawal: clinical features—"HITS"
Hallucinations (visual, tactile)
Increased vital signs and insomnia
Tremens delirium tremens (potentially lethal)
Shakes/Sweats/Seizures/Stomach pains (nausea, vomiting)


Angina: precipitating factors—"three Es"

Eating
Emotion
Exertion (Exercise)


Anorexia nervosa: clinical features—"A2 NOREXI2 C"

Adolescent women/Amenorrhea
NGT alimentation (most severe cases)
Obsession with losing weight/becoming fat though Underweight
Refusal to eat (5% die)
Electrolyte abnormalities (e.g., K+, cardiac arrhythmia)
eXercise
Intelligence often above average/Induced vomiting
Cathartic use (and diuretic abuse)


Appendicitis: assessment—"PAINS"

Pain (RLQ)
Anorexia
Increased temperature, WBC (15,000–20,000)
Nausea
Signs (McBurney's, psoas)


Arterial occlusion: symptoms—"six Ps"

Pain
Pale
Pulseless
Paresthesia
Poikilothermic
Paralysis


Blood glucose (rhyme)
Symptom
Implication
Cold and clammy . . .
give hard candy
Hot and dry . . .
glucose is high

               
               
               
Blood vessels in umbilical cord—"AVA"

Artery
Vein
Artery


Cancer: early signs—"CAUTION"

Change in bowel or bladder habits
A persistent sore throat
Unusual bleeding or discharge
Thickening or lump
Indigestion: dysphagia
Obvious change in a wart/mole
Nagging cough or hoarseness


Cancer: focus of patient care—"CANCER"

Chemotherapy
Assess body image disturbance (related to alopecia)
Nutritional needs when N/V present
Comfort from pain
Effective response to Tx? (Evaluate)
Rest (for patient and family)


Cholecystitis: risk factors—"five Fs"

Female
Fat
Forty
Fertile
Fair



Cleft lip: nursing care plan (postoperative)—"CLEFT2 LIP"

Crying, minimize
Logan bow
Elbow restraints
Feed with Breck feeder
Teach feeding techniques/Two months of age (average age at repair)
Liquid (sterile water), rinse after feeding
Impaired feeding (no sucking)
Position—never on abdomen


Cognitive disorders: assessment of difficulties—"JOCAM"

Judgment
Orientation
Confabulation
Affect
Memory

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notes.nursium.com: Nursing Mnemonics Collection Part -5
Nursing Mnemonics Collection Part -5
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