Microbiology Mnemonics Collection part -1

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Microbiology Mnemonics Collection for Students Collection of medical microbiology mnemonics for medical students including bacteriology, mycology , virology and parasitology.These are collected from various offline and online sources including text books.If you know any other microbiology  mnemonics please share via comments.

Flavivirus: Diseases caused " W.D JOY " West nile fever Dengue Japanese B encephaliis Omsk hemorrhagic fever (OHF) Yellow fever Think: WeeDs of JOY!

 Picorna viridae: members PEECoRnA (Picorna is
 pronounced 'pee-corna')
 Poliovirus
 Echovirus
 Enterovirus
 Coronavirus
 "R'novirus" (Rhinovirus)
 Hepatitis A
 Intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies " BiG  HeN " Bollinger bodies- Fowlpox [image:744 align=right width=200] Guarineri bodies- Vaccinia/ variola Henderson patterson bodies- Molluscum contagiosum Negri bodies- Rabies
 Vibrio cholerae: reactions " COINS " The biochemical reactions which help to differentiate vibrio cholera are Catalase +ve Oxidase +ve Indole +ve Nitrates reduced to nitrites and Sucrose fermentation



 Streptococcus pneumoniae: diseases caused COMPS:
 Conjunctivitis
 Otitis media
 Meningitis
 Pneumonia
 Sinusitis

 Influenza infection: clinical manifestations "Having
 Flu Symptoms Can Make Moaning Children
 A Nightmare":
 Headache
 Fever
 Sore throat
 Chills
 Myalgias
 Malaise
 Cough
 Anorexia
 Nasal congestion

 UTI-causing microorganisms KEEPS:
 Klebsiella
 Enterococcus faecalis/ Enterobacter cloacae
 E. coli
 Pseudomonas aeroginosa/ Proteus mirabilis
 Staphylococcus saprophyticcus/ Serratia marcescens

 Psedomonas aeruginosa: features AERUGINOSA:
 Aerobic
 Exotoxin A
 Rod/ Resistance
 UTIs, burns, injuries
 Green-blue dressings
 Iron-containing lesions
 Negative gram
 Odor of grapes
 Slime capsule sometimes (in CF pt)
 Adherin pili


 Gram staining: mechanism "Murein gets the red out" [Allusion
 to an old eye-wash slogan]:
 Peptidoglycan (aka murein) remains purple during Gram staining. The Gram
 negatives, devoid of murein, are red.
 Thus, murein prevents redness and are purple (positive).

 Entameoba histolytica: disease caused, action EntAmoeba
 causes Amoebic dysEntery.
 Action: histo (cell) lytic (burst), so it bursts cells.

 Clostridium difficile: disease caused "Difficult to
 be in a Closet with someone having explosive foul smelling
 diarrhea, because it would smell and there would be no air in there.
 Clostridium Difficile causes explosive foul smelling diarrhea
 and is an anaeorbe (no air).

 Pneumonia: acute pneumonia infiltrates from different causes
 "Pyrogenic=PMN, Miscellaneous=Mononuclear":
 Acute pneumonia caused by Pyogenic bacteria: PMN infiltrate.
 Acute pneumonia caused by Miscellaneous microbes: Mononuclear
 infiltrate.

 Catalase positive organims SPACE:
 Staphylococcus aureus
 Pseudomonas
 Aspergillus
 Candida
 Enterobacter

 Urease positive organisms PUNCH:
 Proteus (leads to alkaline urine)
 Ureaplasma (renal calculi)
 Nocardia
 Cryptoccocus (the fungus)
 Helicobacter pylori

 Vaccines: types STARK:
 Subunit
 Toxoid
 Attenuated [live]
 Recombinant
 Killed [inactivated]




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