Medication:Common Abbreviations Used In Medication Orders

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COMMON ABBREVIATIONS USED IN MEDICATION ORDERS

Abbreviation
From the Latin
Meaning
aa
ana
of each
ad
ad
up to
a.c.
ante cibum
before meals
a.d.
aurio dextra
right ear
ad lib.
ad libitum
use as much as one desires; freely
admov.
admove
apply
agit
agita
stir/shake
alt. h.
alternis horis
every other hour
a.m.
ante meridiem
morning, before noon
amp
 
ampule
amt
 
amount
aq
aqua
water
a.l., a.s.
aurio laeva, aurio sinister
left ear
A.T.C.
 
around the clock
a.u.
auris utrae
both ears
bis
bis
twice
b.i.d.
bis in die
twice daily
B.M.
 
bowel movement
bol.
bolus
as a large single dose (usually intravenously)
B.S.
 
blood sugar
B.S.A
 
body surface areas
cap., caps.
capsula
capsule
c
cum
with (usually written with a bar on top of the "c")
c
cibos
food
cc
cum cibos
with food, (but also cubic centimetre)
cf
 
with food
comp.
 
compound
cr., crm
 
cream
D5W
 
dextrose 5% solution (sometimes written as D5W)
D5NS
 
dextrose 5% in normal saline (0.9%)
D.A.W.
 
dispense as written
dc, D/C, disc
 
discontinue
dieb. alt.
diebus alternis
every other day
dil.
 
dilute



disp.
 
dispense
div.
 
divide
d.t.d.
dentur tales doses
give of such doses
D.W.
 
distilled water
elix.
 
elixir
e.m.p.
ex modo prescripto
as directed
emuls.
emulsum
emulsion
et
et
and
ex aq
ex aqua
in water
fl., fld.
 
fluid
ft.
fiat
make; let it be made
g , gm ,Gm
 
gram
gr
 
grain
gtt(s)
gutta(e)
drop(s)
H
 
hypodermic
h, hr
hora
hour
h.s.
hora somni
at bedtime
ID
 
intradermal
IM
 
intramuscular (with respect to injections)
inj.
injectio
injection
IP
 
intraperitoneal
IV
 
intravenous
IVP
 
intravenous push
IVPB
 
intravenous piggyback
Kg ,Kg

Kilogram
L or L

Liter
L.A.S.
 
label as such
LCD
 
coal tar solution
lin
linimentum
liniment
liq
liquor
solution
lot.
 
lotion
M.
misce
mix
m, min
minimum
a minimum
mcg
 
microgram
mEq
 
milliequivalent
mg
 
milligram
mist.
mistura
mix
mitte
mitte
send



mL
 
millilitre
nebul
nebula
a spray
N.M.T.
 
not more than
noct.
nocte
at night
non rep.
non repetatur
no repeats
NS
 
normal saline (0.9%)
1/2NS
 
half normal saline (0.45%)
N.T.E.
 
not to exceed
o_2
 
both eyes, sometimes written as o2
O.D.
oculus dexter
right eye
O.S.
oculus sinister
left eye
O.U.
oculus uterque
both eyes
oz
 
ounce
per
per
by or through
p.c.
post cibum
after meals
p.m.
post meridiem
evening or afternoon
prn
pro re nata
as needed
p.o.
per os
by mouth or orally
p.r.
 
by rectum
pulv.
pulvis
powder
q
quaque
every
q.a.d.
quoque alternis die
every other day
q.a.m.
quaque die ante meridiem
every day before noon (every morning)
q.h.
quaque hora
every hour
q.h.s.
quaque hora somni
every night at bedtime
q.1h
quaque 1 hora
every 1 hour; (can replace "1" with other numbers)
q.d.
quaque die
every day
q.i.d.
quater in die
four times a day
q.o.d.
 
every other day
qqh
quater quaque hora
every four hours
q.s.
quantum sufficiat
a sufficient quantity
R
 
rectal
rep., rept.
repetatur
repeats
RL, R/L
 
Ringer's lactate
s
sine
without (usually written with a bar on top of the
"s")



s.a.
secundum artum
use your judgement
SC, subc, subq, subcut
 
subcutaneous
sig
 
write on label
SL
 
sublingually, under the tongue
sol
solutio
solution
s.o.s., si op. sit
si opus sit
if there is a need
ss
semis
one half
stat
statim
immediately
supp or sup
suppositorium
suppository
susp
 
suspension
syr
syrupus
syrup
tab
tabella
tablet
tal., t
talus
such
tbsp
 
tablespoon
troche
trochiscus
lozenge
tsp
 
teaspoon
t.i.d.
ter in die
three times a day
t.d.s.
ter die sumendum
three times a day
t.i.w.
 
three times a week
top.
 
topical
T.P.N.
 
total parenteral nutrition
tr, tinc., tinct.
 
tincture
u.d., ut. dict.
ut dictum
as directed
ung.
unguentum
ointment
U.S.P.
 
United States Pharmacopoeia
vag
 
vaginally
w
 
with
w/o
 
without
X
 
times
Y.O.
 
years old


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notes.nursium.com: Medication:Common Abbreviations Used In Medication Orders
Medication:Common Abbreviations Used In Medication Orders
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