Cardiology Mnemonics Part 2

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Cardiology Mnemonics





Rheumatic fever: Revised Jones criteria JONES PEACE:
· Major criteria:
Joints: migratory 
O (heart shaped) Carditis: new onset murmur
Nodules, subcutaneous: extensor surfaces 
Erythema marginatum
Sy denham's chorea · Minor criteria:
PR interval, prolonged
ESR elev ated
Arthralgias
CRP elev ated
Elev ated temperature (fever) · Need 2 major or 1 major and 2 minor criteria, plus evidence of recent GAS infection (throat cx, rapid antigen test, or rising strep antibody titer).

Rheumatic fever: Jones criteria · Major criteria: CANCER:
Carditis
Arthritis
Nodules
Chorea
Erythema Rheumatic anamnesis · Minor criteria: CAFE PAL:
CRP increased
Arthralgia
Fev er
Elev ated ESR
Prolonged PR interval
Anamnesis of rheumatism Leucocytosis



Pulseless electrical activity: causes PATCH MED: Pulmonary embolus
Acidosis
Tension pneumothorax
Cardiac tamponade 
Hy pokalemia/ Hyperkalemia/ Hypoxi a/ Hy pothermia/  Hy povolemia
My ocardial infarction
Electrolyte derangements 
Drugs


Sinus bradycardia:
aetiology "SINUS BRADICARDIA"
(sinus bradycardia):
Sleep
Infections (myocarditis)
Neap thyroid (hypothyroid)
Unconsciousness (vasovagal syncope)
Subnormal temperatures
(hypothermia)
Biliary obstruction
Raised CO2 (hypercapnia)
Acidosis
Deficient blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
Imbalance of electrolytes
Cushing's reflex (raised ICP)
Aging
Rx (drugs, such as high-dose atropine)
Deep anaesthesia
Ischemic heart disease Athletes



JVP: wave form ASK ME:
Atrial contraction
Sy stole (ventricular contraction)
Klosure (closure) of tricusps, so atrial
filling Maximal atrial filling Emptying of atrium


Coronary artery bypass graft: indications DUST: Depressed v entricular function
Unstable angina
Stenosis of the left main stem
Triple vessel disease


Murmurs: innocent murmur features 8 S's: Soft
Sy stolic
Short
Sounds (S1 & S2) normal
Sy mptomless
Special tests normal (X-ray, EKG)
Standing/ Sitting (vary with position) Sternal depression


Murmur attributes "IL PQRST"
(person has ill PQRST heart waves):
Intensity
Location
Pitch
Quality
Radiation
Shape
Timing


Murmurs: locations and descriptions "MRS A$$": MRS: Mitral Regurgitation--Systolic
A$$: Aortic Stenosis--Sy stolic · The other two murmurs, Mitral stenosis and Aortic regurgitation, are obv iously diastolic.

Betablockers: cardioselective betablockers "Betablockers Acting Exclusively At Myocardium" · Cardioselective betablockers are:
Betaxolol
Acebutelol
Esmolol
Atenolol
Metoprolol

Apex beat: abnormalities found on palpation, causes of impalpable HILT:
Heav ing
Impalpable
Laterally displaced
Thrusting/ Tapping
· If it is impalpable, causes are COPD:
COPD
Obesity
Pleural, Pericardial effusion Dextrocardia


MI: treatment of acute MI COAG:
Cy clomorph
Oxy gen
Aspirin
Gly cerol trinitrate


Coronary artery bypass graft: indications DUST:
Depressed v entricular function
Unstable angina
Stenosis of the left main stem
Triple vessel disease


Peripheral vascular insufficiency: inspection criteria  SICVD:
Sy mmetry of leg musculature
Integrity of skin
Color of toenails
Varicose veins
Distribution of hair


Rheumatic fever: Revised Jones' criteria JONES crITERIA:
· Major criteria:
Joint (arthritis)
Obv ious (Cardiac)
Nodule (Rheumatic)
Erythema marginatum
Sy denham chorea
· Minor criteria:
Inflammatory cells (leukocytosis)
Temperature (fever)
ESR/CRP elev ated
Raised PR interval
Itself (previous Hx of Rheumatic fever) Arthralgia


Heart murmurs "hARD ASS MRS. MSD":
hARD: Aortic Regurg = Diastolic ASS: Aortic Stenosis = Systolic
MRS: Mitral Regurg = Systolic
MSD: Mitral Stenosis = Diastolic


MI: therapeutic treatment ROAMBAL:
Reassure
Oxy gen
Aspirin
Morphine (diamorphine)
Beta blocker
Arthroplasty Lignocaine



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notes.nursium.com: Cardiology Mnemonics Part 2
Cardiology Mnemonics Part 2
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