BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms: Types of fluids

SHARE:

Types of fluids:
Crystalloids and colloids.
 Crystalloids are aqueous solutions of mineral salts or other water-soluble molecules.  
Colloids contain larger insoluble molecules, such as gelatin; blood.
 Osmolarity and Tonicity
·         The Osmolarity of a fluid is determined by the number of dissolved particles, or solutes, in 1L of water.
·         The Tonicity is the Osmolarity of a solution with respect to plasma.
Isotonic crystalloids
·         Can expand the circulating intravascular fluid volume without causing major fluid shifts between compartments.
·         Isotonic crystalloids are often used to treat fluid loss due to vomiting, diarrhea or surgical procedures especially when blood pressure is low.
·         Because isotonic fluids can rapidly expand, circulating blood volume care must be taken not to create fluid overload.
Isotonic fluids
·         0.9% sodium chloride solution, Lactated Ringer's solution, Blood components, Albumin 5%, Plasma
·         Dextrose 5 % in water (D5W) (in the  bag) (this is physiologically hypotonic as dextrose get metabolized quickly only water remains so inside the body it is hypotonic)

 Hypotonic crystalloids
Will cause water to move out of the plasma to the tissues and cells in the intracellular compartments; thus, these solutions are not considered efficient plasma volume expanders.
Hypotonic crystalloids are indicated for clients with hypernatremia and dehydration.
Care must be taken not to cause depletion of the intravascular compartment or too much expansion of the intracellular compartment.
Hypotonic solutions
·         Administration of this fluid generally causes dilution of plasma solute concentration and forces water movement into cells to reestablish intracellular and extracellular equilibrium; cells will then expand or swell.
·         0.45% sodium chloride solution (half-normal saline)
·         0.33% sodium chloride solution (one-third normal saline)

Hypertonic crystalloids
·         Infusion of hypertonic crystalloids expands plasma volume by drawing water from the cells and tissues.
·         These agents may be used to relieve cellular edema, especially cerebral edema.  
·         Over treatment with hypertonic crystalloids can lead to excessive expansion of the intravascular compartment and hypertension.
 Hypertonic solutions
·         Dextrose Normal Saline,
·         D5W in half-normal saline,
·         Dextrose 10% in water, 
·         3% or 5% sodium chloride solution.
Colloid Solutions
·         Hydroxyethyl starch
·         Dextran 40 in NS or 5% D5W

Monitoring for complications of fluid restoration:
·         Use of monitors to measure fluid volume- CVP  
·         Urine output, body weight

·         Serum sodium, potassium, BUN, osmolality monitoring.



Find The Other Common Signs And Symptoms Notes Here



Find The Other Common Signs And Symptoms Notes Here
Click ME

COMMENTS

Name

anaphysio,3,ASEPSIS AND INFECTION CONTROL,9,audio,1,biochemistry,2,blog,1,BSN Notes: Assessment in Psychiatry,6,BSN Notes: Burns,11,BSN Notes: Care of Terminally Ill Patients,6,BSN Notes: Childhood and Developmental Disorders,6,BSN Notes: Common Behavioural and Social Problems,4,BSN Notes: Common Childhood Diseases,7,BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms,32,BSN Notes: Community Mental Health Nursing,12,BSN Notes: Critical Care,12,BSN Notes: Disaster and Emergency,15,BSN Notes: ENT,8,BSN Notes: Eye,25,BSN Notes: History and Assessment,24,BSN Notes: Introduction of Psychiatry,27,BSN Notes: Legal Issues In Psychiatry,4,BSN Notes: Medication Administration,24,BSN Notes: Neuritic_Stress related and Somatization Disorders,10,BSN Notes: Neurology,6,BSN Notes: Oncological Nursing,8,BSN Notes: Organic Brain Disorders,1,BSN Notes: Oxygenation,3,BSN Notes: Personality_Sexual and Eating Disorders,5,BSN Notes: Principles and Concepts of Psychiatry Nursing,2,BSN Notes: Psych-pharmacology and Other Treatment Modalities,30,BSN Notes: Psychiatry Emergencies and Crisis Intervention,4,BSN Notes: Psychosocial Needs,5,BSN Notes: Schizophrenia and othe Psychotic Disorders,4,BSN Notes: The healthy child,5,BSN Notes: TNPR,9,BSN Notes: Urinary Elimination,14,chn,41,clinicalkannada,4,clinicals1,35,clinicals2,10,clinicals3,26,clinicals4,11,Code of Ethics,3,community,7,Critical thinking,7,drugs,3,Equipment & Linen,9,Equipments & Linen,1,Etics and Legal,1,exa,1,exam,11,featured,19,fon,141,fon3,141,fun,1,geriatric,1,graphic,1,Growth and Development,5,he,93,hotspot,6,kannada,54,language,1,Machinery,10,Medications,1,Memory Tools,9,mhn,126,microbiology,3,misc,2,mnemonics,48,msn,137,NCLEX,13,ncp,27,news,4,obg,28,OBG Medications,1,Peri- operative Nursing,2,pharma,29,Physical Examination and Assessment,9,Psychology,2,Pulse,7,resources,1,Respiration,4,Transitional care,1,Ventilators,5,voice,2,
ltr
item
notes.nursium.com: BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms: Types of fluids
BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms: Types of fluids
https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-uzIbYl8D5_Q/WQXpXvQnfUI/AAAAAAAAc6Q/Q4090WNeaVMoP_Dv9_ze2GOrPRPkNY_QQCLcB/s640/COMMON%2BSIGNS%2BAND%2BSYMPTOMS.png
https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-uzIbYl8D5_Q/WQXpXvQnfUI/AAAAAAAAc6Q/Q4090WNeaVMoP_Dv9_ze2GOrPRPkNY_QQCLcB/s72-c/COMMON%2BSIGNS%2BAND%2BSYMPTOMS.png
notes.nursium.com
https://notes.nursium.com/2017/04/bsn-notes-common-signs-and-symptoms_74.html
https://notes.nursium.com/
https://notes.nursium.com/
https://notes.nursium.com/2017/04/bsn-notes-common-signs-and-symptoms_74.html
true
3454605208880343795
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy