Introduction –From the words of James Allen British philosophical writer “Only by much searching and mining are gold and diamonds obtained, and man can find every truth connected with his being if he will dig deep into the mine of his soul.”In such a way only by self awareness a person can understand others and adjust with them effectively.
It is the firm understanding and acceptance of self. According to Campbell Holistic nursing model of self awareness consists of 4 main inter connected aspects like
Psychological: It means knowing one’s own emotion, motivations, self concept and personal being. Self awareness means being sensitive to one’s feelings and the external emotional stressors that affect feelings.
Physical: Knowledge of personal and general physiology, one’s body sensations, one’s body image and physical potential.
Environmental: This includes social environment, relation with others and to know relation between human and nature.
Philosophical: Knowledge one’s life meaning and personal philosophy of life.
Use of self awareness in therapeutic relationship
1. Self awareness will allow the nurse to acknowledge a patient’s uniqueness and differences.
2. Awareness of self and others helps nurses effectively to promote self awareness in their clients.
3. Nurses who are aware of self can interact authentically with clients rather than reacting like pre structured instructions.
4. Nurses feeling of self worth allow her to accept and respect the worth of others.
Johari window is a cognitive psychological tool which helps people in building self awareness and to maintain good interpersonal relationships. It was designed by Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in 1955 in the United States.
Quadrants of Johari window
There are four quadrants in johari window. It includes
· Quadrant 1- Open/Arena
This includes all the behaviours, attitude, feelings, knowledge and experience which are known to self and others.
Eg: A person who is quick witted and is known to all whom he is interacting.
· Quadrant 2- Blind Spot
Blind Spot area consists of behaviours, feelings, knowledge and experience which are known to others but unaware to self.
Eg: A person may be irritating type which is not known to self but known to others.
· Quadrant 3- Hidden/Facade
Hidden/Facade area embrace behaviours, agenda, fear, secret which is known to self but unknown to others.
Eg: One individual’s inner feeling of negative attitude towards a person or idea can be hidden and kept as private which is unknown to others.
· Quadrant 4-Closed
It comprises of behaviours which is unknown to self and others. This is common mainly in young people and who lack experience.
Eg: A person’s reaction to any of the stressful event which is suppressed to subconscious mind which is unknown to self and others.
Principles of Johari window
1. A change in any one quadrant will affect all other quadrant
2. The smaller the first quadrant, the poorer the communication
3. Interpersonal learning means that a change has taken place so that quadrant 1 is larger and one or more of the other quadrants are smaller
Process of self awareness and associating with people
For increased self awareness one should compete to increase the open area and to decrease the blind, hidden and unknown areas. It is a self initiated process.
Ø Enlarge the open area
This is done by listening to self and analysing self which means allowing oneself to experience genuine emotions and identifying personal needs. This is possible through interacting with other individual. Sharing perceptions with others allows the nurse to gain new information and develop insight.
Ø Reduce the size of other quadrants
1. It can be done by listening to and learning from others. For this one should be open to fee back .This broadens perception of self.
2. Revealing to others important aspects of oneself. It is the symptom of personality health and means of achieving healthy personality.
Conclusion: Before giving therapeutic care a nurse must be aware of self then only she can understand, adjust and guide her clients. As Johari window is a cognitive psychological tool which helps in self awareness and social adaptation effective use of this can help individual in better mental health.
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