BSN Notes: Neurology- Encephalitis



Inflammation of brain.

·               Commonly diagnosed cause is viral infection
·          Bacteria , fungi and parasites
·          Common viral causes of encephalitis include Herpes simplex virus , epstein barr virus, varicella zoster virus , enteroviruses, arboviruses Arthropod borne viruses, tick borne viruses and rabies viruses
Types of encephalitis
  • ·          Infectious encephalitis: viral encephalitis may develop during or after infection with any of several viral illnesses including influenza, herpes simplex, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, and chickenpox.
  •    Post infectious encephalitis: this can occur many days, weeks, or sometimes months after the initial infection e.g. Previous infection/vaccine.
  • Autoimmune encephalitis
  •  Japanese encephalitis: is a viral infection that is spread by mosquitoes. The condition occurs throughout south asia, the far east and pacific islands.
  •  Chronic encephalitis: the inflammation develops slowly over many months; it can be a result of a condition such as HIV

Clinical manifestations
·          It begins with flu like symptoms
·          High temperature
·          Severe headache
·          Nausea and vomiting
·          After initial stage , more severe symptoms develop
·          Changes in mental state- confusion, drowsiness/ disorientation
·          Seizures
·          Loss of consciousness
·          Photophobia

Diagnostic evaluation
·          CT and MRI scan
·          Brain biopsy
·          Culture of CSF, blood.
·          Lumbar puncture and CSF examination
·          Serology tests (test that detect antibodies to a virus)
·          The goals of treatment are to provide supportive care (rest, nutrition , fluids) to help the body to fight infection and to relieve symptoms
·          Reorientation and emotional support for confused or delirious people may be helpful
·          Anti-inflammatory drugs — such as acetaminophen, ibrufen are administered to relieve headache and fever.
·          Antiviral medications — acyclovir — to treat herpes encephalitis or other severe viral infections  
·          Autoimmune encephalitis — can be treated with corticosteroids , immunoglobulin therapy and plasmapheresis
·          Cyclosporine is a widely used immunosuppressant in the treatment of autoimmune encephalitis
Supportive care
·          Breathing assistance
·          Intravenous fluids
·          Anti inflammatory drugs — corticosteroids , help to reduce swelling and pressure within the skull
·          Anticonvulsant — such as phenytoin to stop or prevent seizures.



anaphysio,3,ASEPSIS AND INFECTION CONTROL,9,audio,1,biochemistry,2,blog,1,BSN Notes: Assessment in Psychiatry,6,BSN Notes: Burns,11,BSN Notes: Care of Terminally Ill Patients,6,BSN Notes: Childhood and Developmental Disorders,6,BSN Notes: Common Behavioural and Social Problems,4,BSN Notes: Common Childhood Diseases,7,BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms,32,BSN Notes: Community Mental Health Nursing,12,BSN Notes: Critical Care,12,BSN Notes: Disaster and Emergency,15,BSN Notes: ENT,8,BSN Notes: Eye,25,BSN Notes: History and Assessment,24,BSN Notes: Introduction of Psychiatry,27,BSN Notes: Legal Issues In Psychiatry,4,BSN Notes: Medication Administration,24,BSN Notes: Neuritic_Stress related and Somatization Disorders,10,BSN Notes: Neurology,6,BSN Notes: Oncological Nursing,8,BSN Notes: Organic Brain Disorders,1,BSN Notes: Oxygenation,3,BSN Notes: Personality_Sexual and Eating Disorders,5,BSN Notes: Principles and Concepts of Psychiatry Nursing,2,BSN Notes: Psych-pharmacology and Other Treatment Modalities,30,BSN Notes: Psychiatry Emergencies and Crisis Intervention,4,BSN Notes: Psychosocial Needs,5,BSN Notes: Schizophrenia and othe Psychotic Disorders,4,BSN Notes: The healthy child,5,BSN Notes: TNPR,9,BSN Notes: Urinary Elimination,14,chn,41,clinicalkannada,4,clinicals1,35,clinicals2,10,clinicals3,26,clinicals4,11,Code of Ethics,3,community,7,Critical thinking,7,drugs,3,Equipment & Linen,9,Equipments & Linen,1,Etics and Legal,1,exa,1,exam,11,featured,19,fon,141,fon3,141,fun,1,geriatric,1,graphic,1,Growth and Development,5,he,93,hotspot,6,kannada,54,language,1,Machinery,10,Medications,1,Memory Tools,9,mhn,126,microbiology,3,misc,2,mnemonics,48,msn,137,NCLEX,13,ncp,27,news,4,obg,28,OBG Medications,1,Peri- operative Nursing,2,pharma,29,Physical Examination and Assessment,9,Psychology,2,Pulse,7,resources,1,Respiration,4,Transitional care,1,Ventilators,5,voice,2,
item BSN Notes: Neurology- Encephalitis
BSN Notes: Neurology- Encephalitis
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy