CRYSTALLOID IV SOLUTIONS

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IVF

Content

Tonicity

Osmolality

(mOsm/L)

Uses

D5-NS0.9% saline
- 50 g/L glucose
- 170 kcals/L
- 154 mMol/L of Na+ and Cl-
Hypertonic560increase IVF and replace ECF
fluid losses
- used for postoperative fluids
- NaCl in higher concentration
then blood levels
- no free water
- can cause IVF overload
D5W- 50 g/L glucose
- 170 Kcals/L
- no electrolytes
Isotonic252treat hypernatremia, replace water loss
- free water (helps renal excretion of solutes)- used to administer medications
D10W- 100 g/L glucose
- 340 Kcals/L
- no electrolytes
Hypertonic505- free water only
½NS- 0.45% saline
- 77 mMol/L of Na+ and Cl-
- no electrolytes
Hypotonic154- replace hypotonic fluid loss
- can cause IVF overload if
infused too rapidly- free water and NaCl- maintenance solution, but doesn’t
replace other daily electrolytes
NS- 0.9% saline
- 154 mMol/L of Na+ and Cl-
- no calories
Isotonic308used for postoperative fluids
- increase IVF and replace ECF
fluid losses
- NaCl in higher concentration
then blood levels- no free water
- can cause IVF overload
- only solution that can be
administered with blood products
3%NS- 3.0% saline
- 513 mMol/L of Na+ and Cl
Hypertonic1026- administer cautiously, slowly
treatment for symptomatic
hyponatremia
- cerebral edema
 D5-¼NS - 0.225% saline
- 50 g/L glucose
- 170 kcals/L
- 38.5 mMol/L of Na+ and Cl-
 Isotonic 330 - Provides NaCl and free water
- treatment of hypernatremia
- replace hypotonic fluid loss
D5-NS- 0.9% saline
- 50 g/L glucose
- 170 kcals/L
- 154 mMol/L
of Na+ and Cl-
Hypertonic560- increase IVF and replace ECF
fluid losses
- used for postoperative fluids
- NaCl in higher concentration
then blood levels
- no free water
- can cause IVF overload

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notes.nursium.com: CRYSTALLOID IV SOLUTIONS
CRYSTALLOID IV SOLUTIONS
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