Theories of Growth and Development : Spiritual development- James W Fowler with Mnemonics


Spiritual development- James W Fowler

Stage 0 (Pre-stage l): Undifferentiated/ primal faith                

No concept or right or wrong, no beliefs, no convictions to guide their behavior.
Beginning of faith is established through trust           

Stage l: Intuitive projective
Toddlerhood and preschool years.
Imitating behavior of others.
Imitates religious gestures without comprehending any meaning or significance.
During preschool years, children assimilate some of the values and beliefs of their parents.
Parental attitude toward moral codes and religious beliefs convey to children what they consider to be good and bad.
Still imitate the behavior at this age and follow parental beliefs.
Stage 2: Mythical literal         
School age
Strong interest in religion.
Accept existence of deity, and feels that requests and important and expect to be answered.
Good behavior is rewarded; bad behavior is punished. Conscience bothers when they disobey.
Stage 3: Synthetic convention
School age –Adolescence
Become aware of spiritual disappointments.
 Recognize that prayers are not always answered.
May abandon or modify some religious practices. 
Begin to reason/ question some of the established religious standards.
 May drop or modify some religious practices.
Stage 4: Individuating - reflexive
More skeptical.
 Compare religious standards of their parents with others.
Attempt to determine which standard to adopt and incorporate into their own set of values.
Begin to compare religious standards with the scientific viewpoint.    
Time of search than reaching.
Uncertain about many religious ideas and less insight.


References : A Judie (2015). Wong's Essentials of Paediatric Nursing, South Asia Edition. New Delhi: Reed Elsevier India Pvt. Ltd.



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item Theories of Growth and Development : Spiritual development- James W Fowler with Mnemonics
Theories of Growth and Development : Spiritual development- James W Fowler with Mnemonics
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