Theories of Growth and Development : Psychosexual development- Freud with Mnemonics


Theories of growth and development

Proposed/Developed by
Psychosexual development
Psychosocial development
Erick Erickson
Cognitive development
Jean Piaget
Moral development
Lawrence Kohlberg
Spiritual development
James W Fowler

Psycho-sexual development- Freud

a. Oral stage (birth to 1 year)
Major source of pleasure seeking is centered on oral activities such as sucking, biting, chewing and vocalizing.
Oral gratification: Infants may prefer one of these over the others.
b. Anal stage (l to 3 years)
Operate on the basis of ego. Mouth is no longer the major source of satisfaction. .Interest centers in the anal region as sphincter muscles develop. Able to withhold and eliminate fecal material at will. Toilet training develops and achieves. Feeling of a distended bladder, masses of feces in the rectum and from the release of contents of these organs. If it not satisfied child may develop possessiveness and compulsive cleanliness. The climate surrounding toilet training can have lasting effect on children's personality.
c. Phallic stage (3 to 6 years)
The Oedipal period (Freud): the family romance. Childhood sexuality reaches a peak during the preschool years. Both boys and girls experience a period of initial attachment to the parents of the opposite sex.
In boys - Oedipus complex.
In the female -  Electra complex,
The core gender identity of the preschooler continues to develop. -Gender-role is influenced by whichever parents assumes a more dominant role during these years.
·         Masturbation
·         Sex information
·         Effect of parental separation, divorce, & death

d. Latency stage (6 to 12 years)
Children elaborate on previously acquired traits and skills.
Physical and psychic energy are channeled into acquisition of knowledge and vigorous play. During the early latency period children associate with same sex peers and tend to ignore members of the opposite sex. Between 8 and 11 year, children begin to perceive sex roles in a near adult fashion.

e. Genital stage (12-20 years)
Begins at puberty with maturation of the reproductive system and production of sex hormones. Secondary sex characteristics appear. Masturbation and sexual fantasy common. Sexual identity and roles. Occupied with forming friendships and preparing for marriage.

Old age Psychiatrist love geriatrics

Old age person love grapes.( they can’t bite the hard things ;-) )



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item Theories of Growth and Development : Psychosexual development- Freud with Mnemonics
Theories of Growth and Development : Psychosexual development- Freud with Mnemonics
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