Supportive Psychotherapy

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SUPPORTIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY

Introduction
·         This is the most commonly practiced form of psychotherapy
·         An attempt is made to bring the patient to an emotional equilibrium as rapidly as possible, with amelioration of symptoms, so that the patient can function again at his normal level
·         There is no intent to change the personality
·         In this, the therapist helps the patient to relieve emotional distress and symptoms without probing in to the past and changing the personality
The techniques used are:
A. Guidance:
It includes a number of procedures that provide active help in the form of fact finding and interpretation
B. Tension control:
Methods used are progressive relaxation, skin galvanometry, hypnosis , meditation etc
C. Milieu therapy (environmental adjustment sociotherapy ):
An attempt is made to identify and eliminate provocative environmental irritants, whether at the place of vocation, or at home, or elsewhere, to the extent possible All settings attempted to apply principles of milieu therapy
D. Occupational therapy:
The objectives of OT include improvement in work, socialization, activities of daily living, prevocational guidance, work adjustments, self care and other services
E. Creative art therapies:
This includes art therapy, music therapy, drama therapy, dance therapy etc.
F. Ventilation
It is a free expression of feelings or emotions
Patient is encouraged to talk freely whatever comes to his mind
G. Persuasion
Here the therapist attempts to modify the patients behavior by reasoning 
H. Psycho education
Education to the patient regarding his problems, ways of coping etc
I. Reassurance
It is used to dispel apprehension and restore confidence and to promote hope
J. Explanation
The explanation of the nature of symptoms and their causes
The choice of treatment and the likely outcome are explained to the patient
Phases
 Initial Phase:
·         Assessment
·         Relationship formation
Working Phase:
·         Intense therapeutic activity
·         Application of therapeutic techniques
Termination Phase:
It is intended to strengthen the patients improvement and to prepare him to end his treatment


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notes.nursium.com: Supportive Psychotherapy
Supportive Psychotherapy
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