Pharmacology Mnemonics part 6


Pharmacology Mnemonics

Beta blockers with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity Picture diabetic and asthmatic kids riding away on a cart that rolls on pinwheels. Pindolol and Carteolol have high and moderate ISA respectively, making them acceptable for use in some diabetics or asthmatics despite the fact that they are non-seletive beta blockers.

Amiodarone: action, side effects 6 P's:
Prolongs action potential duration
Pigmentation of skin
Peripheral neuropathy
Pulmonary alveolitis and fibrosis Peripheral conversion of T4 to T3 is inhibited -> hypothyroidism

Morphine: effects MORPHINES:
Orthostatic hypotension
Respiratory depression
Pain supression Histamine release/ Hormonal alterations Increased ICT

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors:
members "PIT of despair": Phenelzine
· A pit of despair, since MAOs treat depression.

Antimuscarinics: members, action "Inhibits Parasympathetic And Sweat":
· Muscarinic receptors at all
parasympathetic endings sweat glands
in sympathetic.

Patent ductus arteriosus: treatment "Come In and  Close the door":
INdomethacin is used to ClosePDA.

Etoposide: action, indications, side effect "eTOPoside":
· Action: Inhibits TOPoisomerase II · Indications:
Testicular carcinoma
Oat cell carcinoma of lung
Prostate carcinoma · Side effect:
Affects TOP of your head, causing alopecia

Antibiotics contraindicated during pregnancy MCAT: Metronidazole
Aminoglycoside Tetracycline

Lithium: side effects LITHIUM:
Leukocytes Increased (leukocytosis)
Increased Urine
Moms beware (teratogenic)

Quinolones [and Fluoroquinolones]:
mechanism "Topple the Queen": Quinolone interferes with Topoisomerase II.

MPTP: mechanism, effect MPTP: Mitochondrial Parkinson'sType Poison. · A mitochondrial poison that elicits a Parkinson's-type effect.

Osmotic diuretics: members GUM:

Sulfonamide: major side effects · Sulfonamide side effects:
Steven-Johnson syndrome
Skin rash
Solubility low (causes crystalluria) Serum albumin displaced (causes
newborn kernicterus and potentiation of other serum albumin-binders like warfarin)



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item Pharmacology Mnemonics part 6
Pharmacology Mnemonics part 6
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