Pharmacology Mnemonics part 6

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Pharmacology Mnemonics


Beta blockers with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity Picture diabetic and asthmatic kids riding away on a cart that rolls on pinwheels. Pindolol and Carteolol have high and moderate ISA respectively, making them acceptable for use in some diabetics or asthmatics despite the fact that they are non-seletive beta blockers.


Amiodarone: action, side effects 6 P's:
Prolongs action potential duration
Photosensitivity
Pigmentation of skin
Peripheral neuropathy
Pulmonary alveolitis and fibrosis Peripheral conversion of T4 to T3 is inhibited -> hypothyroidism


Morphine: effects MORPHINES:
Miosis
Orthostatic hypotension
Respiratory depression
Pain supression Histamine release/ Hormonal alterations Increased ICT
Nausea
Euphoria
Sedation


Monoamine oxidase inhibitors:
members "PIT of despair": Phenelzine
Isocarboxazid
Tranylcypromine
· A pit of despair, since MAOs treat depression.


Antimuscarinics: members, action "Inhibits Parasympathetic And Sweat":
Ipratropium
Pirenzepine
Atropine
Scopolamine
· Muscarinic receptors at all
parasympathetic endings sweat glands
in sympathetic.


Patent ductus arteriosus: treatment "Come In and  Close the door":
INdomethacin is used to ClosePDA.


Etoposide: action, indications, side effect "eTOPoside":
· Action: Inhibits TOPoisomerase II · Indications:
Testicular carcinoma
Oat cell carcinoma of lung
Prostate carcinoma · Side effect:
Affects TOP of your head, causing alopecia


Antibiotics contraindicated during pregnancy MCAT: Metronidazole
Chloramphenicol
Aminoglycoside Tetracycline


Lithium: side effects LITHIUM:
Leukocytes Increased (leukocytosis)
Tremors
Hypothyroidism
Increased Urine
Moms beware (teratogenic)


Quinolones [and Fluoroquinolones]:
mechanism "Topple the Queen": Quinolone interferes with Topoisomerase II.


MPTP: mechanism, effect MPTP: Mitochondrial Parkinson'sType Poison. · A mitochondrial poison that elicits a Parkinson's-type effect.


Osmotic diuretics: members GUM:
Glycerol
Urea
Mannitol


Sulfonamide: major side effects · Sulfonamide side effects:
Steven-Johnson syndrome
Skin rash
Solubility low (causes crystalluria) Serum albumin displaced (causes
newborn kernicterus and potentiation of other serum albumin-binders like warfarin)

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notes.nursium.com: Pharmacology Mnemonics part 6
Pharmacology Mnemonics part 6
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