Stages of disaster management

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Disaster management
Stages of disaster management
1.     Mitigation phase : Disaster Mitigation is essentially measures taken in advance of a disaster aimed at minimizing or eliminating the impact of disaster on community and environment
Two components: reducing hazard and reducing vulnerability & reducing hazard vs reducing vulnerability
Reducing hazard: protection against threat by removing the cause of threat. Eg: Construction of leeves along banks of river to reduce chance of flooding, Tree plantation.
Reducing vulnerability: reducing the effect of threat Eg. Constructing buildings as per bylaws 
Most of the natural hazards are unpreventable, therefore, mostly work towards reducing vulnerability
Disaster mitigation measures
·         Passive mitigation measure
·         Control of land use
·         Compulsory insurance
·         Active mitigation measures
·         Planning control dispensation
·         Training and education
·         Economic assistance
·         Subsidies on safety equipment, building equipment etc.
·         Public information dissemination and awareness raising

2. PARATION PHASE:
·         Preparedness: is usually regarded as comprising measures which enable governments, organizations, communities and individuals to respond rapidly and effectively to disaster situations.
·         Improving community and individual reaction and responses to disasters
·         Plans and preparations made to save lives
·         To help response and rescue operations in the event. Of a natural or technological disaster
Levels of preparedness:
·         Personal preparedness- disaster drills, CPR, first aid
·         Professional preparedness: Assessment of risk factors, Establishing authority communication and transportation 
·         Community preparedness
1.     PRE DISASTER PHASE 
·         Advanced planning 
·         Community participation
·         Mock drill
·         Mass education
2.     DISASTER PHASE :
PRE IMPACT PHASE
·         Safety measures,
·         Time factor,
·         Co-ordination
IMPACT PHASE
POST IMPACT PHASE – ENSURE-
·         Appropriate first aid centre
·         Rescue material
·         Distribution of duties
·         Shelters
·         Streamlining Efforts of Community
·         Food, Drugs & Blankets
·         Immediate Aid

3.     POST DISASTER PHASE
·         Leader ship Role
·         Disposal of Dead
·         Immunization    
·         Hygiene and sanitation 
·         Follow up Care
·         Routine Health Services
·         Nutritional Programme
REHABILITATION: Starts from the moment disaster strikes & ends with. The restoration of normality
·         Medical
·         Surgical
·         Psychological
·         Vocational
4.     RESPONSE PHASE
·         Begins immediately after onset of disastrous event.
·         Includes actions taken to save lives and prevent further damage
·         Puts disaster planning services into action
·         Disaster impact and response
·         Management of mass casualties
·         Search and rescue
·         First aid
·         Triage
·         Stabilizing victims
5.     RECOVERY PHASE
·         Hospital treatment
·         Redistribution of patients to other hospitals if necessary.




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notes.nursium.com: Stages of disaster management
Stages of disaster management
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