Cardiology Mnemonics Part 3

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Cardiology Mnemonics





CHF: causes of exacerbation FAILURE:
Forgot medication
Arrhythmia/ Anaemia
Ischemia/ Infarction/ Infection
Lifesty le: taken too much salt
Upregulation of CO: pregnancy, hy perthyroidism
Renal failure
Embolism: pulmonary


Murmurs: systolic vs. diastolic PASS:
Pulmonic &Aortic
Stenosis=Systolic.
PAIDPulmonic
Aortic Insufficiency=Diastolic.


Murmurs: systolic vs. diastolic Systolic murmurs: MR AS:
"MRASner".
Diastolic murmurs: MS AR:
"MSARden".
· The famous people with those surnames are Mr. Ed Asner and Ms. Jane Arden.


MI: therapeutic treatment "O BATMAN!":
Oxy gen
Beta blocker
ASA
Thrombolytics (eg heparin)
Morphine
Ace prn
Nitroglycerin

Mitral stenosis (MS) vs. regurgitation (MR): epidemiology  
MS is a female title (Ms.) and it is female predominant. MR is a male title (Mr.) and it is male predominant.

Pericarditis: EKG "PericarditiS":
PR depression in precordial leads. ST elev ation.

Jugular venous pressure (JVP) elevation: causes HOLT:
Grab Harold Holt around the neck and throw him in the ocean: Heart failure
Obstruction of v enea cava Ly mphatic enlargement - supraclavicular
Intra-Thoracic pressure increase

MI: therapeutic treatment MONAH:
Morphine
Oxy gen
Nitrogen
Aspirin
Heparin

Depressed ST-segment: causes DEPRESSED ST:
Drooping valve (MVP)
Enlargement of LV with strain
Potassium loss (hypokalemia)
Reciprocal ST- depression (in I/W AMI)
Embolism in lungs (pulmonary embolism)
Subendocardial ischemia
Subendocardial infarct
Encephalon haemorrhage (intracranial haemorrhage)
Dilated cardiomyopathy 
Shock
Toxicity of digitalis, quinidine


ST elevation causes in
ECG ELEVATION:
Electrolytes
LBBB
Early repolarization
Ventricular hypertrophy
Aneurysm
Treatment (eg pericardiocentesis)
Injury (AMI, contusion)
Osborne waves (hypothermia) Non-occlusive vasospasm

Aortic stenosis characteristics SAD:
Sy ncope
Angina
Dyspnoea


MI: basic management BOOMAR:
Bed rest
Oxygen
Opiate
Monitor
Anticoagulate
Reduce clot size

ECG: left vs. right bundle block "WiLLiaM MaRRoW":
W pattern in V1-V2 and M pattern in V3-V6 is Left bundle block. M pattern in V1-V2 and W in V3-V6 is Right bundle block. · Note: consider bundle branch blocks when QRS complex is wide.

Pericarditis: causes CARDIAC RIND:
Collagen vascular disease
Aortic aneurysm
Radiation
Drugs (such as hydralazine)
Infections
Acute renal failure
Cardiac infarction
Rheumatic fever
Injury
Neoplasms
Dressler's sy ndrome


Murmurs: systolic types SAPS:
Sy stolic
Aortic
Pulmonic
Stenosis
· Sy stolic murmurs include aortic and pulmonary stenosis.
· Similarly, it's common sense that if it is aortic and pulmonary stenosis it could also be mitral and tricusp regurgitation].

MI: signs and symptoms PULSE:
Persistent chest pains
Upset stomach
Lightheadedness
Shortness of breath
Excessive sweating

Heart compensatory mechanisms that 'save' organ blood flow during shock "Heart SAVER":
Sy mphatoadrenal system
Atrial natriuretic factor
Vasopressin
Endogenous digitalis-like factor
Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system
· In all 5, system is activated/factor is released


Murmurs: right vs. left loudness "RILE": Right sided heart murmurs are louder on Inspiration. Left sided heart murmurs are loudest on Expiration.



Beck's triad (cardiac tamponade) 3 D's:
Distant heart sounds
Distended jugular veins

Decreased arterial pressure

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