The Indian Lunacy Act 1912

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The Indian Lunacy Act 1912
History
It was derived from English Lunacy Act 1890. It has got 4 parts and 8 chapters. Also consists of 100 sections
Chapter I
      Preliminary information and definitions
      Lunatic- an idiot or a person with unsound mind
Chapter II
      Procedures to be followed in admission
Chapter III
      Procedure for care, treatment and discharge
      Parole is the permission given to patients to go home to perform certain rituals or to attend some functions.
Chapter IV
      Proceedings of lunacy in presidency town
Chapter V
      Proceedings of lunacy in outside presidency town
Chapter VI
      Establishment of asylum
Chapter VII
      Expenses of lunatics
Chapter VII
      Rules imposed by state government regarding care of lunatics.
Advantages
      Opening of new asylums
      Improvement in condition of asylums
      Increase in awareness of situation in lunatic asylums
Disadvantages
      Stigma
      Overcrowding in asylums
The Narcotic Drug and Psychotropic Substances Act (Act 61of 1985)
History
·         Opium act 1857 was revised in 1878. Again it was revised in 1950, to Opium and Revenue Laws Act
·         In 16th September 1985, NDPSA Act 61 was enforced.
Contents
List of Narcotic drugs
Ø  Opium
Ø  Poppy
Ø  Straw
Ø  Cannabis
Ø  Cocaine
Ø  Coca
Ø  Psychotropic substances (76 drugs)
·         If a person produces, possess, transport, import, sell, purchase or uses narcotic drugs he shall be punishable with an imprisonment not less than 10 years may go up to 20 year. Also a fine of 1 Lakh is given.
·         Repeat offenses will be punished by an imprisonment less than 15 years-30 years and fine 1.5 lakh-3 lakh
·         For handling Ganja imprisonment of 10 years and fine of 1 lakh is given.
·         On carrying small quantities
Ø  Heroin-250mg
Ø  Opium-5gm
Ø  Cocaine-125mg
Ø  Charas-5g
a punishment of 1 year/ fine or both
·         Ganja below 500gms, imprisonment is for 6months
·         Based on court order detoxification of patient is also considered.
·         Prevention of Illicit traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic substances act was passed in1988. Based on this detention, seizure of property, death penalty if more than or equal to 1kg heroin is found to be trafficking by a person in spite of warning in first attempt.
Role of nurse in admission
·         Introduction
·         Assigning bed based on need and situation
·         Orient to facilities
·         Orient to policies & timings
·         Allow time to clarify doubts
·         Give proper explanation
Role in Parole
·         Explain purpose & When to bring back
·         Any specific precautions
·         Medications
Role of nurse in Discharge
·         All belongings and medications need to be given with instructions
·         Follow up date
·         Paper work & signing
·         Files to MRD

·         Assess the feelings towards discharge and manage effectively

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The Indian Lunacy Act 1912
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