Personality Components: Id, Ego, and Superego. Freud conceptualized personality structure as having three components: id, ego, and superego (Freud, 1923/1962). The id is the part of one’s nature that reflects basic or innate desires such as pleasure-seeking behavior, aggression, and sexual impulses. The id seeks instant gratification, causes impulsive unthinking behavior, and has no regard for rules or social convention. The superego is the part of a person’s nature that reflects moral and ethical concepts, values, and parental and social expectations; therefore, it is in direct opposition to the id. The third component, the ego, is the balancing or mediating force between the id and the superego. The ego represents mature and adaptive behavior that allows a person to function successfully in the world. Freud believed that anxiety resulted from the ego’s attempts to balance the impulsive instincts of the id with the stringent rules of the superego. The accompanying drawing demonstrates the relationship of these personality structures.
Reference -Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing, 5th Edition-Sheila L. Videbeck page no 44-45