Pharmacology Mnemonics part 8


Pharmacology Mnemonics

Thrombolytic agents USA:
Alteplase (tPA)

Anticholinergic side effects "Know the ABCD'S of anticholinergic side effects":

Blurry vision
Constipation/ Confusion
Dry Mouth
Sedation/ Stasis of urine

Myasthenia gravis: edrophonium vs. pyridostigmine eDrophonium is for Diagnosis.
pyRIDostigmine is to get RIDof symptoms.

Narcotic antagonists The Narcotic Antagonists are NAloxone and NAltrexone. · Important clinically to treat narcotic overdose.

Inhalation anesthetics SHINE:
Nitrous oxide
Enflurane · If want the defunct

Methoxyflurane too, make it MoonSHINE.

Aspirin: side effects ASPIRIN:

Peptic ulcer disease/ Phosphorylationoxidation uncoupling/ PPH/ Platelet disaggregation/ Premature closure of PDA Intestinal blood loss
Reye's syndrome
Noise (tinnitus)

Therapeutic dosage: toxicity values for most commonly monitored medications "The magic 2s":
Digitalis (.5-1.5) Toxicity = 2.
Lithium (.6-1.2) Toxicity = 2.
Theophylline (10-20) Toxicity = 20.
Dilantin (10-20) Toxicity = 20.

APAP (1-30) Toxicity = 200.

Opioids: effects BAD AMERICANS:
Bradycardia & hypotension
Diminished pupilary size
Respiratory depression
Increased smooth muscle activity
(biliary tract constriction)
Ameliorate cough reflex
Nausea and vomiting Sedations

Delerium-causing drugs ACUTE CHANGE IN MS:
Antibiotics (biaxin, penicillin, ciprofloxacin)

Cardiac drugs (digoxin, lidocaine)
Urinary incontinence drugs (anticholinergics)
H2 blockers
Antiparkinsonian drugs
Narcotics (esp. mepridine)
Geriatric psychiatric drugs
ENT drugs
Insomnia drugs
NSAIDs (eg indomethacin, naproxin)
Muscle relaxants
Seizure medicines



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item Pharmacology Mnemonics part 8
Pharmacology Mnemonics part 8
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