Machinery, Equipments & Linen




Machinery and equipment's are essential and basic tools for hospital services, used on an everyday basis for patient care. Handling materials and equipment's are very important responsibility of the nurse working in the hospital.

A nurse working in type of health •care facility must have awareness about the basic care and handling of equipment, machinery and housekeeping, so that a nursing care can be provided swiftly and an optimum patient satisfaction can be achieved. With increased modernization and upgradation of technology, highly sophisticated equipment is in use in modern day nursing care. Hence the nurses should be able to use and care the equipment properly


The term equipment is used for more permanent type of article and may be classified as fixed and movables.
Fixed equipment is not a structure of the building, but it is attached to the walls or floors.
Movable equipment includes furniture, instruments
Health Technology
The application of organized knowledge and skills in the form of devices, medicines, vaccines, procedures and systems developed to solve a health problem and improve quality of life.

Medical Devices
An article, instrument, apparatus or machine that is used in the  diagnosis or treatment of illness or disease or for detecting, measuring, restoring, correcting or modifying the structure or function of the body for some health purpose.
Medical equipment
Medical devices requiring calibration, maintenance, repair user training and decommissioning — activities usually managed by clinical engineers. Medical equipment is      used for the specific purposes of diagnosis and treatment of disease or rehabilitation following disease or injury.


Equipment maintenance is a set of activities done to keep equipment in their optimum working condition and consists of routine inspection and maintenance practices. An effective medical equipment maintenance programme consists of adequate planning, management and implementation.
Purposes of Equipment Maintenance
Maximum availability and reliability of equipment
2. Equipment Maintenance
The basic objective of the maintenance is to have increased availability of equipment, with increased safety. Maintenance management involves managing the functions of maintenance.
Maintaining equipment has been a challenging task as the hospital equipment are highly sophisticated and expensive, therefore effective maintenance management is very important in terms of cost optimization
Medical equipment maintenance can be divided into two categories:
Inspection and Preventive Maintenance (IPM)
Corrective Maintenance (CM).
IPM includes all scheduled activities that ensure equipment functionality and prevents breakdowns and failures.
PM refers to scheduled activities performed to extend the life of a device and prevent failure
(i.e. by calibration, part replacement, lubrication, cleaning etc.)
Inventory management is the assessment of supply and storage of items in order to ensure adequate supply and prevention of oversupply. It is a system designed for internal control and accounting purpose as this is direct cost to the hospital. There should be proper procedures for the inventory flow and management to optimize the cost and also to supplies on time.
For the pose of procurement or indent, equipment is categorized into instruments or low — value instruments. Another classification is sophisticated. equipment electronics and non - electronic equipment. Indent for routine or low value equipment can be done weekly, monthly or annually.
Equipment is procured by submitting a statement of case (SOC) or an indent form depending on the hospital policy. The SOC or indent form should be approved the competent authority. An• annual acquisition plan can be prepared which indicates be outlay for the procurement of specific kind of equipment.
  •  Maximum return on investment done on the equipment
  •  Prevention of wastage of consumables and spares
  •  Extended useful life of equipment
  •  Readiness of the equipment for emergency use whenever required.

Equipment Maintenance Process
Hospital diagnostic equipment includes stethoscope, sphygmanometer, thermometers, protoscope, bronchoscope, laryngoscope, surgical equipment and scanning devices such as X-ray machines, computed axial tomography or CAT scanners and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
All equipment required in the hospital are procured, stocked and annual inventory maintained.
             Equipment Maintenance Process        

1.                      Indent/ Procurement of. the equipment
2.                      Equipment Maintenance
3.                      Inventory        
1.   Indent/ Procurement of the equipment
Some of the identified techniques are:
1.                      First in, first. out (FIFO)
2.                      Inspection of stock levels
3.                      Security of stock

1. First in, first out (FIFO)

It is mostly employed for perishable or limited self— life items like drugs. For example in a
pharmacy, if new stock coming in would get taken immediately then older stock would expire, causing great loss. Hence old stock should be arranged in front or stock must be arranged by date received.
2. Inspection of stock levels
Minimum stock level should be maintained which will fill up the gap while the supplies are reordered. Proper consideration should be given to emergencies besides the time that vendors take to replenish the stock. This will help in arriving at just in time (JIT) ordering, where stock is held for a minimum amount of time.

3. Security of stock

Security is necessary to control cost. High value items are to be properly secured and kept and proper periodic inventory is to be done. Security guards, cameras, bar codes and security devices can be used.



anaphysio,4,ASEPSIS AND INFECTION CONTROL,9,audio,1,biochemistry,2,blog,1,BSN Notes: Assessment in Psychiatry,6,BSN Notes: Burns,11,BSN Notes: Care of Terminally Ill Patients,6,BSN Notes: Childhood and Developmental Disorders,6,BSN Notes: Common Behavioural and Social Problems,4,BSN Notes: Common Childhood Diseases,7,BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms,32,BSN Notes: Community Mental Health Nursing,12,BSN Notes: Critical Care,12,BSN Notes: Disaster and Emergency,15,BSN Notes: ENT,8,BSN Notes: Eye,25,BSN Notes: History and Assessment,24,BSN Notes: Introduction of Psychiatry,27,BSN Notes: Legal Issues In Psychiatry,4,BSN Notes: Medication Administration,24,BSN Notes: Neuritic_Stress related and Somatization Disorders,10,BSN Notes: Neurology,6,BSN Notes: Oncological Nursing,8,BSN Notes: Organic Brain Disorders,1,BSN Notes: Oxygenation,3,BSN Notes: Personality_Sexual and Eating Disorders,5,BSN Notes: Principles and Concepts of Psychiatry Nursing,2,BSN Notes: Psych-pharmacology and Other Treatment Modalities,30,BSN Notes: Psychiatry Emergencies and Crisis Intervention,4,BSN Notes: Psychosocial Needs,5,BSN Notes: Schizophrenia and othe Psychotic Disorders,4,BSN Notes: The healthy child,5,BSN Notes: TNPR,9,BSN Notes: Urinary Elimination,14,chn,41,clinicalkannada,4,clinicals1,40,clinicals2,13,clinicals3,33,clinicals4,17,Code of Ethics,3,community,7,Critical thinking,7,drugs,3,Epidemiological Approach,4,Equipment & Linen,9,Equipments & Linen,1,Etics and Legal,1,exa,1,exam,11,featured,19,fon,142,fon3,142,fun,1,geriatric,1,goingbacktodraft,673,graphic,1,Growth and Development,5,he,115,hotspot,6,kannada,63,language,1,Machinery,10,Medications,1,Memory Tools,9,mhn,127,microbiology,3,misc,2,mnemonics,48,msn,137,NCLEX,13,ncp,27,news,4,obg,28,OBG Medications,1,Peri- operative Nursing,2,pharma,29,Physical Examination and Assessment,9,Psychology,2,Pulse,7,resources,1,Respiration,4,Transitional care,1,Ventilators,5,voice,2,
item Machinery, Equipments & Linen
Machinery, Equipments & Linen
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy