Pathology Mnemonics part 5

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Pathology Mnemonics


Parkinson's disease: symptoms PQRST:
Paucity of expression parQinson Rigidity (cogwheel)
Stooped posture
Tremor at rest · If can't remember that Parkinson's tremor is the one that is "resting tremor", look at the last 3 letters: RST.


Kawasaki disease:
features Disease name: a Kawasaki motorcycle. Usually young children, epidemic in Japan: Japanese child rides the motorcycle. Conjunctival, oral erythema: red eyes, mouth. Fev er: thermometer. Ery thema of palms, soles: red palms, soles.
Generalized rash: rash dots. Cervical lymphadenitis: enlarged cervical nodes with inflammation arrows.
Vasculitis of arteries: inflammation arrows on arteries. Cardiovascular sequelae [20%]: inflammation arrows on cardiac arteries.
Treat with aspirin: aspirin headlight.


Interstitial lung disease: causes SARCOIDI:
Sarcoidosis
Allergic reaction
Radiation
Connective tissue disease
Occupational exposure
Infection
Drugs
Idiopathic


Herpes I and II: lab findings. She's an odd chick: whenever
she's in a restaurant, she always orders Her Peas and Cow dry.
Herpes I and II have CowdryType A inclusion bodies


Emphysema: types, most important feature of each "Cigarettes Is Primary Problem": · Ty pes:
Centrilobular
Irregular Pancinar
Paraseptal · Most important feature for each type (in order as above):
Cigarrettes
Inflammation healed to scar
Protease inhibitor deficiency (a1antitrypsin)
Pneumothorax
· "Cigarettes is primary problem" used since cigarettes is most common cause of emphysema.
· Keeping P's straight: Pan is antitrypsin.


Calcification: metastatic vs. dystrophic Metastatic:
Metabolism imbalance.
Dy strophic: Damaged tissue.


Haemochromatosis definition, classic triad "Iron man triathalon": Iron man: deposition of iron in many body tissues.
· Triathalon has 3 components, which match triad: Swimming: Skin pigmentation
Biking: Bronze diabetes Marathon: Micronodular pigment cirrhosis


COPD: 4 types and hallmark ABCDE: Asthma
Brochiectasis
Chronic bronchitis
Dy spnea [hallmark of group]
Emphysema
· Alternatively: replace Dyspnea with Decreased FEV1/FVC ratio.


MEN I (Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia) syndrome: components "Please
Please Pay Attention To peptic ulceration, y ou worms": · Adenomas of: Pituatary
Pancreatic islets
Parathyroid
Adrenal cortex Thyroid, associated with peptic ulceration · Sy ndrome is called "Wermer's sy ndrome".


Lung cancer: presentation ABCDE: Snowball turned to Avalanche
Blood: hemoptysis
Cough
Distruption to airway in bronchus--
>pneumonia whEEzing Deep venous thrombosis: diagnosis DVT:
Dilated superficial v eins/ Discoloration/ Doppler ultrasound Venography is gold standard
Tenderness of Thigh and calf


Addison's disease: features ADDISON:
Autoimmune
DIC (meningcoccus)
Destruction by cancer, infection, v ascular insufficiency
Iatrogenic
Sarcoidosis, granulomatous such as TB histiomycosis hy pOtension/ hypOnatermia Nelson's sy ndrome [post adrelectomy, increased ACTH]


Breast cancer: risk assessment "Risk can be assessed by  
History ALONE":
History (family, previous episode)
Abortion/ Age (old)
Late menopause
Obesity
Nulliparity
Early menarche


McArdle's syndrome MCARDLES:
My oglobinuria
Cramping after exercise
Accumulated glycogen
Recessive inheritance
Deficiency of muscle phosphorylase
Lactate levels fail to rise
Elev ated creatine kinase
Skeletal muscle only


Respiratory distress syndrome in infants: major risk factors PCD (Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia, a cause of Respiratory distress sy ndrome): Prematurity
Cesarean section Diabetic mother Deep venous thrombosis: genetic causes ALASCA:
Antithrombin III
Leiden (Factor V)
APC (Activated Protein C)
S-protein deficiency
C-protein deficiency
Antiphospholipid antibody


Carcinomas having tendency to metastasize to bone "Particular
Tumours Lov e Killing Bone":
Prostate
Thyroid
Lung
Kidney Breast


Cushing syndrome CUSHING:
Central obesity/ Cervical fat pads/ Collagen fiber weakness/ Comedones (acne) Urinary free corisol and glucose increase Striae/ Suppressed immunity Hy percortisolism/ Hypertension/ Hyp erglycemia/ Hirsutism Iatrogenic (Increased administration of corticosteroids) Noniatrogenic (Neoplasms) Glucose intolerance/ Growth retardation


Apoptosis vs.
necrosis "LIFELESS" (since cells are dead):
· Differences are in:
Leaky membranes
Inflammatory response
Fate
Extent
Laddering
Energy dependent
Swell or shrink Stimulus


Diabetic ketoacidosis: I vs. II ketONE bodies are seen in type ONEdiabetes.


Baldness risk factors "Daddy Doesn't Deny Getting Hair Implants":
Diet
Disease
Drugs
Genes
Hormones
Injury to the scalp


Tabes Dorsalis morphology DORSALIS:
Dorsal column degeneration
Orthopedic pain (Charcot joints)
Reflexes decreased (deep tendon)
Shooting pain
Argyll-Robertson pupils
Locomotor ataxia
Impaired proprioception
Sy philis


Buerger's disease features "burger SCRAPS": Segmenting thrombosing vasculitis
Claudication (intermittent)
Ray naud's phenomenon
Associated with smoking
Pain, even at rest
Superficial nodular phlebitis · Alternatively, if hungry for more detail [sic], "CRISP PIG burgers": Chronic ulceration
Ray naud's phenomenon
Intermittent claudication
Segmenting, thrombosing vasculitis
Pain, even at rest
Phlebitis (superficial nodular)
Idiopathic Gangrene


PKU findings PKU:
Pale hair, skin
Krazy (neurological abnormalities) Unpleasant smell


Atherosclerosis risk factors SHIFT MAID: Smoking
Hy pertension
(N)IDDM
Family history
Triglycerdides & fats
Male
Age
Inactivity
Diet / Drink
 

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notes.nursium.com: Pathology Mnemonics part 5
Pathology Mnemonics part 5
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