Urinalysis is the testing of the physical characteristics and composition of freshly voided urine.
· Routine urine analysis :include
· Specific gravity
· Microscopic examinations
ü WBC(0-4 per low power field)
Urine testing-specific gravity:
Ø It is an indicator of urine concentration/amount of solutes (metabolic wastes and electrolytes) in the urine.
PROCEDURES IN URINARY ELIMINATION
Provide a means for elimination for clients who are confined to bed or unable to get to the bathroom or bedside commode independently or safely
Ø Assess the condition of the patient
Ø A man voids more easily in the standing position. If the man cannot reach toilet facilities, have him stand at the bedside and void into the urinal (a metal or plastic)
Ø At times it is necessary for one or more nurses to help a man stand
If the patient cannot move out of the bed:-
· Provide Privacy
· Place the mackintosh with towel under the client’s hip
· Wear gloves
· Expose perineal area
· Place the penis inside the urinal and ask the patient to void
If metal urinal warm by pouring warm water
Urine should not allow to be left standing for a long time because a deposit will form on the inside, which is almost impossible to remove.