Triage is a process of prioritizing patients based on severity of their condition to treat as many as possible when resources are insufficient for all to be treated immediately.
1. Primary Triage: Triage that is performed at the scene or point of first contact with patients.
2. Secondary Triage: Triage that is performed after further intervention is provided. Usually done in a medical sector.
3. Simple triage
4. Advanced triage
MCI (Mass Casualty Incident) Triage:
In order for MCI triage to work effectively, all victims must have equal importance at the time of primary triage.
No patient group can receive special consideration other than that dictated by their physiologic state. This includes children!
M – Move
A – Assess
Triage Categories (color codes)
RED – Immediate/emergent
YELLOW – Urgent
GREEN – Nonurgent
BLACK- Dead/little to no hope of survival
RED -Immediate: Severely injured but treatable injuries and able to be saved with relatively quick treatment and transport
Priority – 1
Examples:msevere bleeding,Open chest or abdominal wounds, Shock,Emotionally out of control
Yellow — Delayed: Injured and unable to walk on their own. Potentially serious injuries but stable enough to wait a short while for medical Treatment
Priority – 2
Examples: Burns with no respiratory distress, Moderate blood loss, Spinal injuries, Conscious with head injuries
Green-Non-Urgent: Minor injuries that can wait for a longer period of time for treatment. May or may not be able to ambulate
Priority – 3
Examples: Minor fractures, Minor lacerations,Minor bleeding
Black – Deceased: Dead or obviously dying.
May have signs of life but injuries are incompatible with survival.
Handle based on local protocols
Priority – 0
Examples: Cardiac arrest, Massive head injury, Respiratory arrest with a pulse
Acute: less than one month