Jacob L Moreno introduced a group therapy method in 1925, which is now used as sociodrama, axiodrama, role playing and analytic psychodrama
The patient is groomed for the roles to play with representatives of important people in the patient’s past and current life, whose needs for insight preferably fit in with parts they assign
· Psychodrama is a special form of group therapy which provides the patient with an additional opportunity to gain self-insight.
· It uses structured, directed dramatizations of a patient’s emotional problems and experiences.
· Members are encouraged to act out immediate or past life situations, conflicts or problems
To develop greater awareness to patient about his thoughts, feelings, and actions and of how they affect others
Elements involved in Psychodrama
· A stage to play the drama, it should be round and should have two or three step like levels
· Protagonist: the patient is selected to be the major subject for the specific enactment. He is the star; he best typifies the concern of the group
· Auxiliary Egos: The therapeutic actors to whom the protagonist is responding or reacting
· Director: The therapist who direct the actors
· Warm-up: the psycho-dramatist involves the group in a discussion of issues deemed important to explore for that session. Once a group concern emerges, a protagonist is supported and encouraged to come forth
· Shaping and presentation:
· Sharing: The group members express what events in their own lives were touched on by the action.
· It helps the patient to define his problem clearly
· To explore the patient’s adaptive and maladaptive coping responses to his problem
· To identify misperceptions, unrealistic goals, and distortions of reality