National Mental Health Program
India is facing an acute shortage of psychiatrists. Of the 3,300 trained psychiatrists in the country, 3,000 are in the four metros. However, India actually needs 32,000 psychiatrists. According to the estimates Disability Adjusted Life Year (DALYs) loss due to mental disorders are expected to represent 15% of the global burden of diseases by 2020.
The Government of India has launched the National Mental Health Programme (NMHP) in 1982, keeping in view the heavy burden of mental illness in the community, and the absolute inadequacy of mental health care infrastructure in the country to deal with it.
l . Prevention and treatment of mental and neurological disorders and their associated disabilities.
2.Use of mental health technology to improve general health services.
3.Application of mental health principles in total national development to improve quality of life.
l . To ensure availability and accessibility of minimum mental health care for all in the foreseeable future, particularly to the most vulnerable and underprivileged sections of population.
2.To encourage application of mental health knowledge in general health care and in social development.
3.To promote community participation in the mental health services development and to stimulate efforts towards self-help in the community.
l . Sreevani R. A Guide to Mental Health And Psychiatric Nursing. 2nd ed. New Delhi: Jaypee
2.Lalitha K. Mental Health and Psychiatric Nursing – An Indian Perspective. I st ed. Bangalore.
3.Available from: http://www.wbhealth.gov.in/download/MH%20Policy%20rewrite.pdf