In English the word midwife means ‘With woman\” (the person with the woman who is in labour ). Midwives hold an important key to positive care at the time of childbirth that will contribute to a good start for the baby and parents. The midwife is able to do so only by virtue of her expert knowledge. The education of the midwife is designed to enable her to fulfill her wide and varied role.
Definition of Midwife:
In 1992, The World Health Organization defined that –
“A midwife is a person who, having been regularly admitted to a midwifery educational programme, duly recognized in the country in which it is located, has successfully completed the prescribed courses or studies in midwifery and has acquired the requisite qualifications to be registered and or legally licensed to practice midwifery\”.
Midwifery is the knowledge necessary to perform the duties of midwife.
Obstetrics is that branch of medicine, which deals with the management of pregnancy, labour and puerperium.
Gynecology is that branch of medical science, which treats diseases of the female genital organs.
Reproduction means process by which a fully developed offspring of its kind is produced.
Pregnancy is a state of carrying fetus inside the uterus by a woman from conception to birth
Gestation means pregnancy.
Gravidae is state of pregnancy irrespective of its duration.
Multipara refers to woman who has given birth more than once.
Nullipara is the woman who has not given birth before.
Primigravidae is a woman carrying first pregnancy.
Multigravidae is a woman carrying pregnancy more than once.