Comfort: Is a pleasant feeling of being relaxed and free from pain.
Factors affecting human comfort?
Temperature: The difference between the temperature of surroundings and the body will have direct influence on body’s gain or loss of heat.
Air speed: Body exposed to a wind pressure of 20 miles/ hour can lose heat. It is very important during summer to lose heat to maintain comfort.
Humidity:High humidity makes it difficult to evaporate perspiration into the air. Therefore, it affects the rate of loss of body heat by evaporation, which increases discomfort.
Stress and anxiety: Person preoccupied with personal problems may not be able to relax.
Therefore, the patient will have continuous psychological discomfort.
Clothing: It interferes with the ability to lose heat to the environment. If clothing does not provide enough insulation, the wearer may feel cold. Therefore, add on layers of clothing if feeling cold and remove if feeling warm.
Metabolic heat: More physical activity, more heat is produced. Therefore, increased metabolic rate increases heat production.
Pillow: A rectangular cloth bag stuffed with cotton, foam, rubber, feather etc. is used to support head, neck, arms, legs and back to add comfort to the patient. Skillful arrangement of pillow to support the normal anatomical groove will prevent strain and fatigue.
Back rest: A device that provides support to the back in sitting position which may be either adjustable bed or adjustable back rest.
Trochanter rolls: These are made of rolling bath towel or bath blanket into such a shape that keeps the axis parallel to the articulating surface so the axis can remain stationary, thus enhancing support.
Foot rest: A wooden block or board that provides support to the foot prevents foot drop. Keeping the foot in correct angle would prevent fatigue.
Sand bags: A sack or bag filled with sand can be made into various sizes. It is used to immobilize a part and relieve discomfort.
Bed cradle: A frame made up of iron or wood placed over the bed to take away the weight of top bed clothing and to prevent sheet or blanket from touching the patient. E.g. Patients with burns, if plaster cast is not dry.
Air cushion: An inflatable cushion. It shifts off body weight and relieves pressure on certain part of the body. E.g.: sacrum
Cotton rings: Small cotton rings are made to relieve pressure from certain Darts of the body.
e.g. elbow and heels
Air or water mattress: Inflammable air or water mattress, which relieves pressure from the body prominences and equalizes the pressure to a certain extent while lying on it.
Cardiac table: Cardiac table either made up of iron or wood may be placed over the head bed or rolled over the bed. It is used when patient want to sit and lean forward. It may be used for the patient to take his food in bed itself.