CARE OF ENAMEL WARE
The articles commonly used are bedpans, urinals, kidneys trays and sputum cups, feeding cups and trays.
General Principles of Care
1. One should avoid mishandling and banging of enamel as they can chip off and become unsafe for use.
2. Do not boil for longer periods and cool them rapidly as enamel cannot withstand heat.
3. It is preferable not to use enamel items for surgical procedures
4. Wash enamelware immediately after use, especially when anti — septic regents are used in them. Enamelware can get stained or damaged with strong acids, alkalis and dyes.
Care of Bedpans
1. Before emptying the bedpan, inspect the contents. If there is cotton, remove it using a forceps
2. Empty the bedpan into a lavatory pan; take care to avoid soiling the sides of the pan
3. Rinse the bedpan with cold water under force
4. Wash with soap and warm water using a brush to remove the stains. Rinse it well.
5. To disinfect the bedpans, soak them in Lysol for I hour or sterilize using bedpan sterilizers
6. Bedpans may be placed in direct sunlight for a few hours to deodorize and disinfect
7. Keep them dry for the next use on the bedpan rack.
Care of Urinals.
Urinals should not be left standing for a long time with urine because of deposit formation on the inside, which is almost impossible to remove. Cleaning and disinfection must be done as for bedpans.
Care of Sputum Cups
Cleaning and disinfection must be done as for the bedpans. Before the sputum cups are given to the patients, add a small quantity of antiseptic lotion, the main purpose of which is to prevent sputum from sticking to the sides.