Syncope is the medical term for fainting, sudden, and usually temporary, loss of consciousness generally caused by insufficient oxygen in the brain either through cerebral hypoxia or through hypotension.
· Primary cardiac arrhythmias
· Neurocardiogenic syncope or vasovagal syncope
Signs & symptoms
· Clammy skin
· Dimming of vision or brownout
· Complete loss of vision
· Weakness of limbs to physical collapse
· Vasovagal (situational) syncope
· One of the most common types- may occur in scary, embarrassing or uneasy situations, or during blood drawing, coughing, urination or defecation.
· Decreased venous return
· Returning blood to the brain by positioning the person on the ground, with legs slightly elevated or leaning forward.
· Nursing assessment
· Monitor vital signs
· Intake output monitoring
· Assessment of the color of the skin
Heat syncope – It is associated with prolonged standing and heat exposure
Signs & symptoms include: dizziness, orthostatic hypotension
Find The Other Common Signs And Symptoms Notes Here