Phosphorylation cascade: action during low glucose “In the
Phasted State, Phosphorylate”:
The phosphorylation cascade becomes active when blood glucose is low.
tRNA: molecular shape Fortunately, tRNA (Transfer
RNA) is shaped like a capital T.
Vitamins: which are fat soluble KADE:
Na/K pump: concentrations of Na vs. K on inside/outside of cell, pump
action, number of molecules moved HIKIN’:
There is a HIgh K concentration INside the cell.
From this can deduce that the Na/K pump pumps K into cell and Na out of cell.
Alternatively: When I was learning this pump (circa 1992), a band that was “in”
was Kris Kross, and a band that was “out” was “Sha Na Na
So pump moves K K (2 K) in and Na Na Na (3 Na) out.
· Sadly, as infectious as their debut album was, Kris Kross can really no longer
be classed as “in”.
Insulin: function INsulIN stimulates 2
things to go
IN 2cells: Potassium and Glucose.
Glycolysis steps “Goodness Gracious, Father
Franklin Did Go By Picking Pumpkins
(to) Prepare Pies”:
· ‘Did’, ‘By’ and ‘Pies’ tell you the first part of those three: di-, bi-, and
· ‘PrEPare’ tells location of PEP in the process.
Citric acid cycle compounds “Oh Citric Acid
Is Of (course) A SiLly STupid Funny
· SilLy and sTupid used to differentiate succinyL and succinaTe
Essential amino acids “PVT. TIM HALL always argues,
· Always argues: the A is for Arg, not Asp.
· ‘Never tires’: T is not Tyr, but is both Thr and Trp.
Orbital names before alphabetical order begins “Sober
People Don’t Find Good In Killing”:
Orbital names for electrons are S,P,D,F,G,I,K.
After that, alphabetical order begins.
Oxidation vs. reduction: electron gain/loss “LEO the
lion says GER”:
Lose Electrons = Oxidation.
Gain Electrons = Reduction.
Benzene ring: order of substituents Meta:the two
sticks representing functional groups make a capital letter M with the
Otho: can close the top of the functional groups and make a boxy capital
Cis/trans (geometric) isomer nomenclature “Zame Zide.
Z is the 2 functional groups on the same side of double bond.
E is for opposite sides.
Oxidation vs. reduction: electron gain/loss OIL RIG:
Oxidation Is Loss (of electrons).
Reduction Is Gain (of electrons).
Cation vs. anion: positive vs. negative The t in cation
looks like a plus sign: “ca+ion”.
Cation is positive, anion is negative.
Oxidation vs. reduction: electrochemical cell and electron gain/loss
AN OIL RIG CAT:
At the ANode, Oxidation Involves Loss of electrons.
Reduction Involves Gaining electrons at the CAThode.
Gibb’s free energy formula “Good Honey Tastes
(delta)G = H – T(delta)S
Anion vs. cation charge ANion is A Negative
Benzene ring: order of substituents “Benzene likes to
· From R group moving around the ring:
B vitamin names “The Rhythm Nearly Proved
· In increasing order:
Hunter’s syndrome “Hunter’s are aggressive, clear-sighted, and shoot for the X” Mild Hurler’s syndrome (gargoylism, developmental delay, airway obstruction) with aggressive behavior and without corneal clouding; XLR Deficiency in Iduronate sulfatase
Testosterone conversion to DiHydroTestosterone
Dihydrotestosterone is an active form of testosterone. Its conversion needs an
· This reaction occurs in the peripheral (“FAR”) tissue such as adipose
DKA: signs DKA:
Ketones/ Kussmaul breathing/ K drops