Eye: Visual Impairment - Nurse's Role

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VISUAL IMPAIRMENT- NURSE'S ROLE
DEFINITION
Visual impairment or vision impairment is vision loss that constitutes a significant limitation of visual capability resulting from disease, trauma or a congenital or degenerative condition that cannot be corrected by conventional means, including refractive correction, medication or surgery.  
CARE OF A PATIENT WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT
  • Encourage the use of visual aids
  • Promote the use of other senses a Communicate effectively
  • Ensure client safety
VISUAL AIDS
  • Eye glasses of the correct prescription, clean and in good condition
  • Adequate room lighting
  • Sunglasses or shades on windows to reduce glare
  • Bright contrasting colors in the environment
  • Magnifying glasses
  • Phone dialer with large number
  • Clock and wristwatch with large numbers
  • Color code or textures code on stoves, washer, medicine container and so on
  • Colored on raised rims on dishes
  • Reading material with large print
  • Braille or recorded books
PROMOTING THE USE OF OTHER SENSES
Teach the client to use other senses to supplement the lost
e.g. ; stimulation of hearing, taste, smell and touch
Stimulating the senses :Teaching patients
  • Surround yourself with different colors and with an environment that changes
  • Develop a sensitivity to changes in nature e.g., dawn to night cycle
  • Use visual devices to keep oriented e.g. watches ,television
  • Use cross work puzzles and games to stimulate mental activities
  • Create favorite scenes in mind ,paying attention to tiny details

COMMUNICATE EFFECTIVELY
  • Always announce your presence when entering the client's room and identify yourself by name
  • Stay in the client field of vision if the client has a partial vision loss
  • Speak in a normal tone of voice
  • Always explain what you are about to do before touching the patient
  • Explain the sounds in the environment Indicate when the conversation has ended and when you are leaving the room

ENSURE CLIENT SAFETY
  • Orient the to the arrangement of room
  • Keep pathways clear and do riot re arrange furniture without orienting the client.
  • Organize self care articles within the client reach and orient the client tö his or her location
  • Keep the call light or bell within easy reach of the person and place the bed in the low position
  • Assist with ambulation by walking slightly ahead of the person allowing the person to grasp your arm


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notes.nursium.com: Eye: Visual Impairment - Nurse's Role
Eye: Visual Impairment - Nurse's Role
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https://notes.nursium.com/2017/06/eye-visual-impairment-nurses-role.html
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