Functions of psychiatric mental health nurses


Functions of psychiatric mental health nurses
a. Basic level functions:
Basic level psychiatric nurses are registered nurses ho carry out doctor’s orders. The duties are-
·         Develop nursing care plans
·         Provide direct nursing care
·         Administer medications
·         Carry out treatment strategies as orders by physician
·         Teach family members about the patient's disorder and needs
·         Determine the community's mental health needs and assist with crisis intervention and counselling  
·         Help plan community programs
b. Advanced level functions
Advanced psychiatric nurses have a master's degree in psychiatric mental health nursing. They have the authority to work independently. Their duties are:-
·         Assess patients using a variety of methods 
·         Make a diagnosis based on the assessment
·         Develop a plan ofcare and treatment      
·         Prescribe medications
·         Provide counselling
·         Provide psychotherapy
·         Conduct research
·         Serve as an administrator
·         Teach in universities
Functions of mental health nurse in various settings
Inpatient psychiatric ward
·         Provide measures for environmental safety
·         Perform psychosocial, high risk and physical assessment
·         Promotion of self care activities
·         Medication management
·         Assisting for somatic therapies
·         Accurately observing and documenting patient's behaviour
·         Providing opportunities for the patient to make his own decisions and to assume responsibilitv for his life
·         Providing feedback to the patient based on the observations of his behaviour
·         Participation in various therapies
·         Delivering psychoeducation
·         Counselling the patient and family Ine:nbers
·         Cooperating with other professionals in various aspects of the patient care
·         Teaching social skills and stress management strategies
·         Discharge planning and community referral and follow-up care
·         Supervise the work of subordinates

Psychiatric outpaticnt department
·         Performing clinical assessment
·         Assisting for psychometric assessment
·         Assisting or providing psychotherapy or behaviour therapy
·         Counselling the patient and family members Conducting group therapy
·         Delivering psychoeducation
ECT treatment setting
·         Teaching the patient prior to ECT treatment Preparing the patient for ECT
·         Providing care during the procedure Assisting with post treatment
·         Providng reassurance to reduce anxiety
·         Delivering psychoeducation regarding ECT
Psychotherapy unit
Day care centres or day hospitals Family therapy units
Child psychiatric ward
Home setting
Community mental health centers
Emergency department

Hospitals for criminal insane, jails and prisons



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item Functions of psychiatric mental health nurses
Functions of psychiatric mental health nurses
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