Policies of disaster management,Disaster team, Responsibilities,Protocol, and Guidelines

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Policies of disaster management
Policies related to emergency/ disaster management
1.         International
2.         National
3.         State
4.         Institutional
Policies related to emergency/disaster management (national)
·         Promoting a culture of prevention, preparedness and resilience at all levels through knowledge, innovation and education.
·         Encouraging mitigation measures based on technology, traditional wisdom and environmental sustainability
·         Mainstreaming disaster management into the developmental planning process
·         Establishing institutional and techno-legal frameworks to create an enabling regulatory environment and a compliance regime.
·         Ensuring efficient mechanism for identification, assessment and monitoring of disaster risks.  Developing contemporary forecasting and early warning systems backed by responsive and fail-safe communication with information technology support.
·         Ensuring efficient response and relief with a caring approach towards the needs of the vulnerable sections of the society
·         Under taking reconstruction as an opportunity to build disaster resilient structures and habitat for ensuring safer living.
·         Promoting a productive and proactive partnership with the media for disaster management.
Coordination and involvement of :
·         Community
·         Various government departments
·         Non government organizations
·         International agencies

Disaster preparedness
Disaster team
·         Hospital medical and nursing administration
·         Infectious diseases & control department
·         Emergency medical service team
·         Intensive care teams
·         Information system
·         Public health affairs ministry
·         Engineering and security system
·         Mental health and counselling units
·         Other members-Medical director ,Treatment supervisors, Triage supervisors, transport supervisors
 Responsibilities of medical director :
·         Establish relations with community leaders
·         Establish a working branch with appropriate groups
·         Ensure reinforcement involvement whenever necessary
·         Determines the amount and types of additional medical resources and supplies
·         Designate assistance officials and their locations
Triage supervisor:
·         Ensure proper utilization of the initial assessment triage system  
·         Ensures that tag technique is completed
·         Makes appraisal for additional resources
·         Provides up to date report to medical director
 Treatment supervisor:
·         Establish the suitable treatment areas
·         Assign work
·         Supervision
·         Co-ordinate treatments
·         Communication
·         Arrange resources as needed
Transport supervisor
·         Ensures the organized transport of patients off scene
·         Ensures an appropriate distribution of patients to all hospitals
·         Complete a transportation log
·         Contact specialty hospitals
·         Ensures the organized transport of patients off scene
·         Ensures an appropriate distribution of patients to all hospitals
·         Complete a transportation log
·         Contact specialty hospitals
 Role of a nurse
·         Community awareness 
·         Ensuring community participation
·         Identifying the needs of victims
·         Dissemination of knowledge
Objectives/policies: To ensure that appropriate system, procedures and resources are in place to provide prompt effective assistance to disaster victims  
Protocol: A define incident or disaster committee and centre.
·         Measures to respond to biological , chemical, nuclear, radiological and mass trauma events
·         Defined predetermined rules, lines of authority and chain of command and communication Roles and responsibilities to be assigned
·         A protocol for the education of staff regarding disaster response and their roles
·         A 24hr /7 days communication network with alternate communication system identified if the original network fails
·         A protocol for contacting staff emergency resources, agencies in the event of disasters
Guidelines
Pre-event phase:
·         Recognition of attack (event)
·         Maintain a surveillance system that will allow early identification and detection of potential disasters
·         Define key diagnostic clues that may activate path of investigation of activation of disaster plan
·         Educate all staff on the indications, chain of command, responsibility system and legal responsibility to respond
·         Ensure sufficient supply of equipment and pharmaceutical supplies as required
Post-event:
·         Define circumstances under which the plan is activated
·         Establish emergency contacts for activation in case of potential threat to the area
·         Develop a system for mobilizing the necessary emergency workers and staff
·         Designate an assembly point for staff to report
·         Assess the availability of appropriate personnel, protective equipment 
·         Educate all staff on appropriate infection control precaution
·         Develop a tracking record of morbidity and mortality once an event is recognized
·         Have a system of triage designed for mass causalities
·         Prepare a system for the identification, tracking, admission and discharge of mass Victims
·         Develop a system for placement of patients, types of precautions or isolation required
·         Have a treatment protocol for placement of patients, types of procedures or isolation required
·         Have a treatment protocol for each type of event
·         Determine how the facility will facilitate the safe handling, storage, tracking and preparation of bodies post-mortem
·         Evaluate how the facility will address the need of victims, families.
 Equipment:
·         Armbands
·         Respiratory Protection
·         Mesh Vests & Nylon Vests
·         Stream light Flashlights
·         Traffic Clothing
·         Survival Kits
·         Traffic Shirts      
·         Traffic Safety Products
·         Eye and face protection equipment
·         Personal Protective Equipment
·         Fire Equipment  
·         Helmet
·         First Aid Kits      
·         Goggles
·         First Aid Products          
·         N95 Mask
·         Hand Protection
·         Head Protection
·         Gloves (work and non-latex)
·         Hearing Protection
·         Sturdy shoes or work boots
·         Protective Clothing        




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notes.nursium.com: Policies of disaster management,Disaster team, Responsibilities,Protocol, and Guidelines
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