Nursing Mnemonics Collection Part -2

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Which kind of beta blocker has which action?
B1 Blocks the heart (you have only one heart)
B2 Blocks the lungs (you have two lungs)

Fetal accelerations and decelerations!!! Just remember VEAL CHOP
Variable Cord compression
Early Head compression
Accelerations OK
Late Placental insufficiency

Heart sounds:
S3= Heart fail-ure (3 syllables)
S4=Hy-per-ten-sion (4 syllables)

Effects of anticholinergics:
Can't see
Can't pee
Can't spit
Can't --defecate

Nine-point Postpartum Assessment... BUBBLEHER
B- Breasts
U- Uterus
B- Bladder
B- Bowel function
L- Lochia
E- Episiotomy
H- Homan's sign
E- Emotional Status
R- Respiratory System


The 5 P's of circulation loss in a limb.
Pain,
Pallor,
Pulselessness,
Parasthesia,
 Poikilothermia

Side effects & adverse reactions to immunizations:
F- Fever
I- Itching
S- Stiffness
H- Headache
E- Edema
R- Redness
F- Fussy
L- Localized Tenderness A- Appetite decrease
G- General Aches Pains

HYPERNATREMIA "You Are Fried"
F - Fever (low grade), flushed skin
R - Restless (irritable)
I - Increased fluid retention and increased BP
E - Edema (peripheral and pitting)
D - Decreased urinary output, dry mouth

Can also use this one:
SALT
S = Skin flushed
A = Agitation
L = Low-grade fever
T = Thirst


"CATS" of "HYPOCALCEMIA"
C - Convulsions
A- Arrhythmias
T - Tetany
S - Spasms and stridor

Mnemonic device for remembering questions to ask emergency room admits:
Car? (Circumstances of event)
Please (precipitating events)
Listen (location of event)
To this: (Time of event)
Watch (when symptoms appeared)
Underage (unconsciousness after injury?)
Alcoholics (arrival time in ER)
Heading (hospital admits previously?)
Home (previous history/health status)
And (allergies)
Maybe (medications)
Flattening (fears for safety)
My (meal, time of last)
Poodle (period, time of last menstrual)
Dog (primary doctor, name and location of)
Tonight (tetanus, date of last immunization)

Everyone knows to make the ABCD (airway breathing circulation and neurologic disability) assessment first. Then as soon as possible, further assessment/intervention is done, which includes:
His (health history)
Head (head to toe assessment) Is (insert monitoring devices -- caths, ECG, arterial lines) So (splints for fractures)
Wide (wound care)
Olivia (other interventions)

The pathophysiology of ARDS:
Assault on the respiratory system
Respiratory distress
Decreased lung compliance
Severe respiratory failure

Diagnostic criteria of ARDS
Acute onset
Ratio (paco2/fio2) less than 200mm Hg
Diffuse infiltration
Swan-Ganz wedge pressure
(PAWP) less than 18 mm hg

Complications of thrombolytic therapy: The 3 B's
Bleeding
Brady's (dysrhythmias)
Bloodclots (d/t excessive thrombin)

Complications of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB): The 3 H's
Hypothermia (to decrease O2 consumption)...Effects SVR (vasoconstriction) and causes myocardial depression (decreases contractility)
Hemodilution (to improve macrocirculation)...fluid shifting (third-spacing), e-lyte imbalances (K+, Mg+ & Ca++ often need replacing!)
Heparinzation (to prevent clots in circuit)...monitor aptt.

Signs and symptoms of cardiac tamponade (Beck's Triad): The Three D's
Distant heart sounds
Distended jugular veins Decreased pulse pressure (think of a narrow pulse pressure as opposed to a wide one)

Atrial Arrhythmias: ABCDE
Adenosine/amiodorone or anticoagulate (if Afib/Flutter has been present more than 48h)
Beta blockers
Calcium channel blockers
Digoxin
Electrocardiovert (if less than 48h )

For ventricular arrhythmias: AL
Amiodorone
Lidocaine

NSAID Drugs
N - Naproxen
S - Salicylates
A - Advil
I - Ibuprofen
D - Diclofenac S - Sulinclac

8 A's for Hepatotoxic Drugs (Check SGPT/SGOT)
Antituberculosis
Anticonvulsant
S - sodium Luminal
G - gabapentin
P - phenytoin
T - tegretol
Anticancer
Aspirin
Alcohol
Antifamily (contraceptice pills)
Acetaminophen
Aflatoxins

Parkinson's Medications: "Ali Loves Boxing Matches"
A-Amantadine
L- Levodopa
B- Bromocriptine
M-MAO inhibitors

The 4 H's that invalidate a neuro exam:
Hypotension
Hypoxia
Hypoglycaemia
Hypothermia

Pinpoint pupils: Drugs, drops & nearly dead
Drugs: opiates
Drops: meds for glaucoma Nearly dead: damage in the pons area of the brainstem

Dilated pupils: Fear, Fits & Fast Living
Fear: panic, extreme anxiety
Fits: seizures Fast Living: cocaine, crack, phencyclidine (PCP)


ADLs (Activity of Daily Living) BATTED
B-athing
A-mbulation
T-oileting
T-ransfers
E-ating
D-ressing

IADLS (Instrumental Activities of Daily Living) SCUM
S-hopping
C-ooking and Cleaning
U-sing telephone or transportaiton
M-anaging money and medications

Bleeding Precautions (RANDI)
R- Razor Electric/ Blades
A-Aspirin N- No needles (esp. In small gauge)
D- Do decrease in needle sticks)
I - Injury (Protect from)



Common Causes of Transient Incontinence (DIAPPERS)
D-elirium
I-nfection
A-trophic Urethra
P-harmaceuticals
P-sychologic
E-xcess Urine Output
R-estricted Mobility
S-tool Impaction

Promotion of Normal Elimination (POOPER SCOOP)
P-osition
O-utput
O-ffer Fluids
P-rivacy
E-xercise
R-eport Results

S-ize (Amount)
C-onsistency
O-ccult Blood
O-dor
P-eristalsis

Emergency Trauma Assessment (ABCDEFGHI)
A-irway
B-reathing
C-irculation
D-isability
E-xamine
F-ahrenheit
G-et Vitals
H-ead to Toe Assessment I-ntervention

Trauma Surgery (AMPLE) after initial assessment
A-llergies
M-edications
P-ast Medical History
L-ast Meal
E-vents Surrounding Injury


6 P's of Dyspnea
P- Pulmonary Bronchial
Constriction
P- Possible Foreign Body
P- Pulmonary Embolus
P- Pneumothorax
P- Pump Failure
P- Pneumonia

Lidocaine Toxicity (SAMS)
S-lurred Speech
A-ltered Central Nervous
System
M-uscle Twitching
S-eizures


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notes.nursium.com: Nursing Mnemonics Collection Part -2
Nursing Mnemonics Collection Part -2
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