Nursing Mnemonics Collection Part -1


Nursing Care for Sprains and Strains (RICE)
R- Rest
I - Ice
C - Compression
E- Elevation

Canes and Walkers (WWAL) Wandering Wilma's Always Late
W- Walker
W- With
A- Affected
L - Leg

Care of Client in Traction (TRACTION)
T- Temperature (Extremity, Infection)
R - Ropes hang freely
A - Alignment
C - Circulation Check (5 p's)
T- Type & Location of fracture
I - Increase fluid intake
O - Overhead trapeze
N - No weights on bed or floor

Steps in the Nursing Process ADPIE (A Delicious PIE)
D- iagnosis

Acid-Base (ROME)

CANCER'S Early Warning Signs CAUTION UP
C-hange in bowel or bladder
A- lesion that does not heal
U-nusual bleeding or discharge
T-hickening or lump in breast or elsewhere
I-ndigestion or difficulty swallowing
O-bvious changes in wart or mole
N-agging cough or persistent hoarseness
U-nexplained weight loss
P-ernicious Anaemia

CANCER Interventions
A-ltered Body Image
E-valuate response to meds
R-espite for caretakers

Hypoglycemia (TIRED) - an abnormal decrease of blood in the sugar
E-xcessive Hunger
D-iaphoresis/ Depression

Adrenal Gland Hormones (SSS)
S-ugar (Glucocorticoids)
S-alt (Mineralcorticoids)
S-ex (Androgens)

Pulmonary Oedema (MAD DOG)
D- Digitalis

D-Diuretics (Lasix)
O- Oxygen
G- ases (Blood Gases ABG's)

5 P's of Circulatory Checks
P-Pallor (Paleness)

Hypertension Nursing Care (DIURETIC)
D-aily Weight
I- ntake and Output (I & O)
U- rine Output
R-esponse of BP
T-ake Pulses
I-schemic Episodes (TIA)
C-omplications: 4C's

Evalution of Episiotomy Healing (REEDA)
R- Redness
E- Edema
E - Ecchymosis
D - Discharge, Drainage
A - Approximation

Post-Partum Assessment (BUBBLE)
E-pisiotomy/lateration/C-section incision

Tracheal Esophageal Fistula (3 c's)
C- Choking
C- Coughing
C - Cyanosis

Cleft Lip - Post Op Care (CLEFT LIP)
L-ie on back
E-valuate Airway
F-eed Slowly

L-arger nipple opening
I-ncidence incerase in males
P-revent crust formation and aspiration

Situations requiring Crisis Situation: RAPE
R- Ruthless
A- Abusive
P- Personal
E- Experience

Warning Signs of a Child Abuse/
C-hild's excessive knowledge on sex & abusive words
H-air growth in various lengths
 I-nconsistent stories from the child & parent/s
L-ow self-esteem

A-pathy, no emotion
U-nusual injuries
S-erious injuries
E-vidence of old injuries not reported

- Causes of Increased Serum K+
M - Medications - ACE inhibitors, NSAIDS
A - Acidosis - Metabolic and respiratory
C - Cellular destruction - Burns, traumatic injury
H - Hypoaldosteronism, hemolysis
I - Intake - Excesssive
N - Nephrons, renal failure
E - Excretion - Impaired

MURDER Signs and Symptoms of Increased Serum K+
M - Muscle weakness
U - Urine, oliguria, anuria
R- Respiratory distress
D - Decreased cardiac contractility
E - ECG changes
R - Reflexes, hyperreflexia, or areflexia (flaccid)

To remember which blood types are compatible, visualize the letter "O" as an orb representing the universe, because type O blood is the universal donor blood. Patients with any blood type can receive it. But O also means "odd man out": Patients with type O blood can receive only type O blood.

Think BEEP to remember the signs of minor bleeding:
B: Bleeding gums
E: Ecchymoses (bruises)
E: Epistaxis (nosebleed)
P: Petechiae (tiny purplish spots)

Having difficulty-distinguishing hypoplasia from hyperplasia?
When you see plasia in any word, think of "plastic." Plastic, in turn, means forming or developing. As for hypo and hyper, that's the easy part. Hypo means under, or below normal. Hyper means excessive, or above normal. Thus, hypoplasia means underdevelopment, and hyperplasia means overdevelopment.

To remember the four causes of cell injury,
Think of how the injury tipped (or TIPD) the scale of homeostasis:
T: Toxin or other lethal
(cytotoxic) substance
I: Infection
P: Physical insult or injury D: Deficit, or lack of water, oxygen, or nutrients.

When asking assessment questions, remember the
American Cancer Society's mnemonic device CAUTION:
C: Change in bowel or bladder habits A: A sore that doesn't heal U: Unusual bleeding or discharge T: Thickening or lump I: Indigestion or difficulty swallowing O: Obvious changes in a wart or mole N: Nagging cough or hoarseness.

Use the ABCD rule to assess a mole's malignant potential:
A: Asymmetry--Is the mole irregular in shape?
 B: Border--Is the border irregular, notched, or poorly defined?
 C: Color--Does the color vary (for example, between shades of brown, red, white, blue, or black)?
D: Diameter--Is the diameter more than 6 mm?

Side effects of steroids. The 5 s's.
Sick- easier to get sick
Sad-causes depression
Sex-increases libido
Salt-retains more and causes weight gain
Sugar-raises blood sugar

Pupils Equally Round and
Reactive to Light and

Learning the Systems of the Body?
M= Muscle
R= Respiratory

I= Integumentary
C= Circulatory
E= Endocrine

R= Reproductive
U= Urinary N= Nervous
S= Skeletal

Trouble figuring out which eye is which?
OS is left eye
OD is the right eye

You can remember which one is the right eye (OD), because you can make the D into an R - You just have to draw to stick legs on the bottom of the D. Write it down on paper, you'll see what I mean (it's hard to show you when all I can do is type)

S/S of Hyponatremia
S tupor/coma
A norexia, N&V
L ethargy
T endon reflexes decreased

L imp muscles (weakness)
O rthostatic hypotension
S eizures/headache S tomach cramping

Immediate treatment of MI
M Morphine sulfate
O Oxygen
N Nitroglycerin

Treatment of CHF, think UNLOAD FAST:
U sit Upright
N Nitro
L Lasix
O Oxygen
A Aminophylline
D Digoxin

F Fluids- decrease
A Afterload - decrease
S Sodium - decrease
T Tests: dig level, ABG, K+

Assistive devices -- Canes:
C Cane
O Opposite
A Affected
L Leg

Signs of a Cholinergic Crisis, think SLUD:
S Salivation
L Lacrimation
U Urination D Defication



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item Nursing Mnemonics Collection Part -1
Nursing Mnemonics Collection Part -1
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