Microbiology Mnemonics Collection part-2


AIDS pathogens (T-cell suppression) worth knowing "The
 Major Pathogens Concerning Complete T-Cell
 Toxoplasma gondii
 M. avium intracellulare
 Pneumocystis carinii
 Candida albicans
 Cryptococcus neoformans
 Cryptosporidium parvum

 Tetanus: treatment for infection SAD RAT:

 Placenta-crossing organisms/ antenatal Infections STARCH:
 Herpes/ Hepatitis

 Typhus: Epidemic Typhus: etiologic agent, vector ePidemic
 Etiological agent: Rickettsia Prowazekii.
 Vector: Pediculus corporis (human body louse).
 · This is in contrast to Endemic typhus.

 Capsulated bacteria "Some Bacteria Have
 An Effective Paste Surrounding Membrane Yielding
 Pseudo Fort, Bypassing Killing":
 Strep pneumonia
 H. influenza
 Anthrax (B. anthracis)
 E. coli
 Menigitidis (N. Menigitidis)
 Yersinia pestis

 Hepatitis: transmission routes "Vowels are bowels":
 Hepatitis A and E transmitted by fecal-oralroute.

 Capsulated microbes "Some Nasty Killers
 Have Some Capsule Protection":
 Streptococcus pneumoniae
 Neisseria meningitidis
 Klebsiella pnemoniae
 Haemophilus influenzae
 Salmonella typhi
 Cryptococcus neoformans
 Pseudomanas aerigenosa

 Pneumonia: causes: gram negative vs. gram positive Gram Negatives
 (eg coliforms) are responsible mainly for Nosocomial pneumonia.
 Gram positives (eg strep pneumonia, staph) are thus more responsible for
 community acquired pneumonia.

 Klebsiella details You tell the patient: "Get UPS you
 fat alcoholic":
 Fat capsule
 Get up=nonmotile since no flagella.
 Alcoholic=commonly seen in alcoholicand nosocomial patients.

 Pseudomonas details · See diagram of patient.
 Patient: bug commonly infects nosocomial.
 Oxygen tank: oxidase positive.
 IV bag: has glucose and lactose, so its OK to give because its a nonlactose
 Why giving oxygen? Because it commonly caused pneumonia.
 IV in the arm: supposed to signify sepsis.
 The foley: UTI.
 Burn on his foot: can infect burns.

 Leprosy: early signs diagnostic criteria "LEProsy":
 Loss of sensation in affected skin/ Loss of function (paralysis)
 Enlargement of affected superficial nerves (tender too)
 Positive identification of M. leprae under microscope

 Kidney transplant virus "Borrowed Kidney":
 BKvirus is associated with kidney transplants.

 Endotoxin features ENDOTOXIN:
 Endothelial cells/ Edema
 Negative (gram- bacteria)
 DIC/ Death
 Outer membrane
 X-tremely heat stable
 Nitric oxide/ Neutrophil chemotaxis

 Mycobacterium tuberculosis: culture identification "Rough,
 Tough, Buff":
 Rough: colony isn't smooth but rough like breadcrumbs.
 Tough: colony stuck to plate well, and tough to remove.
 Buff: buff is a color, a cream/coffee shade.

 Vibrio: motility "Vibrio Vibrates":
 Vibrio is a genus of actively motile bacteria.

 Toxoplasma gondii: manifestations "My Cat Eats
 Mononucleosis-like illness
 Chorioretinits/ Congenital infection

 Chlamydia: elementary vs. initial body location Elementary:
 Initial: Intracellular

 Trypanosoma brucei: disease caused "I went on a TRYP
 to AFRICA":
 TRYPanosoma brucei causes AFRICAn sleeping sickness

 RNA enveloped viruses FORT ABC, Puerto Rico:
 Flavivirus/ Filo

 Teratogens: placenta-crossing organisms ToRCHeS:
 Herpes simplex, Herpes zoster (varicella), Hepatitis B,C,E
 · Alternatively: TORCHES: with Others (parvo, listeria), add HIV
 to H's, Enteroviruses.

 E. coli: major subtypes, key point of each "HIT by E.
 coli outbreak":
 · HUS from Hamburgers
 · Immune-mediated Inflammation
 · Traveller's diarrhea

 Obligate anaerobes: members worth knowing ABC:

 Common cold: viral causes "Common cold (acute infectious
 rhinitis, coryza) is PRIMArily caused by":
 Influenza viruses

 Streptococcus pyogenes: diseases caused NIPPLES:
 Necrotising fasciitis and myositis
 Erysipelas and cellulitis
 Scarlet fever/ Streptococcal TSS

 Picornavirus: features PICORNAvirus:
 Positive sense



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notes.nursium.com: Microbiology Mnemonics Collection part-2
Microbiology Mnemonics Collection part-2
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