Microbiology Mnemonics Collection part-2

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AIDS pathogens (T-cell suppression) worth knowing "The
 Major Pathogens Concerning Complete T-Cell
 Collapse":
 Toxoplasma gondii
 M. avium intracellulare
 Pneumocystis carinii
 Candida albicans
 Cryptococcus neoformans
 Tuberculosis
 CMV
 Cryptosporidium parvum

 Tetanus: treatment for infection SAD RAT:
 Sedation
 Antitoxin
 Debridement
 Relaxant
 Antibiotic
 Tracheostomy

 Placenta-crossing organisms/ antenatal Infections STARCH:
 Syphilis
 Toxoplasmosis
 AIDS (HIV)
 Rubella
 CMV
 Herpes/ Hepatitis

 Typhus: Epidemic Typhus: etiologic agent, vector ePidemic
 typhus:
 Etiological agent: Rickettsia Prowazekii.
 Vector: Pediculus corporis (human body louse).
 · This is in contrast to Endemic typhus.

 Capsulated bacteria "Some Bacteria Have
 An Effective Paste Surrounding Membrane Yielding
 Pseudo Fort, Bypassing Killing":
 Strep pneumonia
 Bacteroides
 H. influenza
 Anthrax (B. anthracis)
 E. coli
 Pasteurella
 Salmonella
 Menigitidis (N. Menigitidis)
 Yersinia pestis
 Pseudomonas
 Francisella
 Brucella
 Klebsiella

 Hepatitis: transmission routes "Vowels are bowels":
 Hepatitis A and E transmitted by fecal-oralroute.

 Capsulated microbes "Some Nasty Killers
 Have Some Capsule Protection":
 Streptococcus pneumoniae
 Neisseria meningitidis
 Klebsiella pnemoniae
 Haemophilus influenzae
 Salmonella typhi
 Cryptococcus neoformans
 Pseudomanas aerigenosa

 Pneumonia: causes: gram negative vs. gram positive Gram Negatives
 (eg coliforms) are responsible mainly for Nosocomial pneumonia.
 Gram positives (eg strep pneumonia, staph) are thus more responsible for
 community acquired pneumonia.


 Klebsiella details You tell the patient: "Get UPS you
 fat alcoholic":
 UTI
 Pneumonia
 Sepsis
 Fat capsule
 Get up=nonmotile since no flagella.
 Alcoholic=commonly seen in alcoholicand nosocomial patients.

 Pseudomonas details · See diagram of patient.
 Patient: bug commonly infects nosocomial.
 Oxygen tank: oxidase positive.
 IV bag: has glucose and lactose, so its OK to give because its a nonlactose
 fermenter.
 Why giving oxygen? Because it commonly caused pneumonia.
 IV in the arm: supposed to signify sepsis.
 The foley: UTI.
 Burn on his foot: can infect burns.

 Leprosy: early signs diagnostic criteria "LEProsy":
 Loss of sensation in affected skin/ Loss of function (paralysis)
 Enlargement of affected superficial nerves (tender too)
 Positive identification of M. leprae under microscope

 Kidney transplant virus "Borrowed Kidney":
 BKvirus is associated with kidney transplants.

 Endotoxin features ENDOTOXIN:
 Endothelial cells/ Edema
 Negative (gram- bacteria)
 DIC/ Death
 Outer membrane
 TNF
 O-antigen
 X-tremely heat stable
 IL-1
 Nitric oxide/ Neutrophil chemotaxis

 Mycobacterium tuberculosis: culture identification "Rough,
 Tough, Buff":
 Rough: colony isn't smooth but rough like breadcrumbs.
 Tough: colony stuck to plate well, and tough to remove.
 Buff: buff is a color, a cream/coffee shade.

 Vibrio: motility "Vibrio Vibrates":
 Vibrio is a genus of actively motile bacteria.

 Toxoplasma gondii: manifestations "My Cat Eats
 Mice":
 Mononucleosis-like illness
 Chorioretinits/ Congenital infection
 Encephalitis
 Myocarditis

 Chlamydia: elementary vs. initial body location Elementary:
 Extracellular
 Initial: Intracellular

 Trypanosoma brucei: disease caused "I went on a TRYP
 to AFRICA":
 TRYPanosoma brucei causes AFRICAn sleeping sickness

 RNA enveloped viruses FORT ABC, Puerto Rico:
 Flavivirus/ Filo
 Orthomyxo
 Retro
 Toga
 Arena
 Bunya
 Corona
 Paramyxo
 Rhabdo

 Teratogens: placenta-crossing organisms ToRCHeS:
 Toxoplasma
 Rubella
 CMV
 Herpes simplex, Herpes zoster (varicella), Hepatitis B,C,E
 Syphilis
 · Alternatively: TORCHES: with Others (parvo, listeria), add HIV
 to H's, Enteroviruses.

 E. coli: major subtypes, key point of each "HIT by E.
 coli outbreak":
 EnteroHemorrhagic:
 · HUS from Hamburgers
 EnteroInvasive:
 · Immune-mediated Inflammation
 EnteroToxigenic:
 · Traveller's diarrhea

 Obligate anaerobes: members worth knowing ABC:
 Actinomyces
 Bacteroides
 Clostridium

 Common cold: viral causes "Common cold (acute infectious
 rhinitis, coryza) is PRIMArily caused by":
 Paramyxoviruses
 Rhinoviruses
 Influenza viruses
 Myxoviruses
 Adenoviruses

 Streptococcus pyogenes: diseases caused NIPPLES:
 Necrotising fasciitis and myositis
 Impetigo
 Pharyngitis
 Pneumonia
 Lymphangitis
 Erysipelas and cellulitis
 Scarlet fever/ Streptococcal TSS

 Picornavirus: features PICORNAvirus:
 Positive sense
 ICOsahedral
 RNAvirus


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