Disasters: Impact and Phases of Emotional Reaction

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Disasters: Impact
1. Mortality & Morbidity
·         Disasters cause deaths, injuries, and illnesses
·         Disasters may overwhelm medical resources and health services
2. Health Care Infrastructure
·         Disasters may destroy hospitals
·         Disasters may disrupt routine health services
·         Disasters may disrupt preventive activities
·         Consequence: long-term increases in morbidity and mortality
3.Environment & Population
·         Disasters may increase potential for communicable diseases
·         Disasters may exacerbate environmental hazards
·         Consequences: increases in morbidity and premature death, decreased quality of life
4.Psychological and Social Behavior
·         Disasters may cause generalized panic or paralyzing trauma
·         Disasters may provoke increases in anxiety, depression and neuroses
·         Disasters may lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at epidemic levels
5.Food Supply
·         Disasters may disrupt the food supply
·         Disasters leading to food shortages may cause specific micronutrient deficiencies
·         Disasters may provoke severe nutritional consequences including famine and starvation
6.Forced Migration/ Population displacement
·         Disasters may cause large spontaneous or organized population movements
·         Population movement may increase morbidity and mortality
·         Population movement may precipitate epidemics of communicable diseases in both displaced and host communities
·         Crowding of populations and overlay of refugee and host populations may lead to injuries and violence 
PHASES OF EMOTIONAL REACTION
1.     HEROIC PHASE: occurrence
2.     HONEYMOON PHASE: Getting help from health care agencies
3.     DISILLUSIONMENT PHASE: start to compare with previous life style
4.     RECONSTRUCTION PHASE: will come back to normal life- occupation, new building





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notes.nursium.com: Disasters: Impact and Phases of Emotional Reaction
Disasters: Impact and Phases of Emotional Reaction
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