BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms: Syncope

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SYNCOPE
Syncope is the medical term for fainting, sudden, and usually temporary, loss of consciousness generally caused by insufficient oxygen in the brain either through cerebral hypoxia or through hypotension.
Cardiovascular Causes
·         Primary cardiac arrhythmias
·         Neurocardiogenic syncope or vasovagal syncope
Signs & symptoms
·         Dizziness
·         Clammy skin
·         Dimming of vision or brownout
·         Tinnitus
·         Complete loss of vision
·         Weakness of limbs to physical collapse
·         Vasovagal (situational) syncope
·         One of the most common types-  may occur in scary, embarrassing or uneasy situations, or during blood drawing, coughing, urination or defecation.
Clinical features
·         Bradycardia
·         Vasodilation
·         Hypotension
·         Decreased venous return 
·         Fainting           
·         Treatment
·         Returning blood to the brain by positioning the person on the ground, with legs slightly elevated or leaning forward.
·         Nursing assessment
·         Monitor vital signs
·         Intake output monitoring
·         Assessment of the color of the skin

Heat syncope - It is associated with prolonged standing and heat exposure
Signs & symptoms include: dizziness, orthostatic hypotension 


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notes.nursium.com: BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms: Syncope
BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms: Syncope
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