Biochemistry Mnemonics Collection Part-2

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Phosphorylation cascade: action during low glucose "In the
 Phasted State, Phosphorylate":
 The phosphorylation cascade becomes active when blood glucose is low.

 tRNA: molecular shape Fortunately, tRNA (Transfer
 RNA) is shaped like a capital T.

 Vitamins: which are fat soluble KADE:
 Vitamin K
 Vitamin A
 Vitamin D
 Vitamin E

 Na/K pump: concentrations of Na vs. K on inside/outside of cell, pump
 action, number of molecules moved HIKIN':
 There is a HIgh K concentration INside the cell.
 From this can deduce that the Na/K pump pumps K into cell and Na out of cell.
 Alternatively: When I was learning this pump (circa 1992), a band that was "in"
 was Kris Kross, and a band that was "out" was "Sha Na Na
 Na":
 So pump moves K K (2 K) in and Na Na Na (3 Na) out.
 · Sadly, as infectious as their debut album was, Kris Kross can really no longer
 be classed as "in".

 Insulin: function INsulIN stimulates 2
 things to go
 IN 2cells: Potassium and Glucose.

 Glycolysis steps "Goodness Gracious, Father
 Franklin Did Go By Picking Pumpkins
 (to) Prepare Pies":
 Glucose
 Glucose-6-P
 Fructose-6-P
 Fructose-1,6-diP
 Dihydroxyacetone-P
 Glyceraldehyde-P
 1,3-Biphosphoglycerate
 3-Phosphoglycerate
 2-Phosphoglycerate (to)
 Phosphoenolpyruvate [PEP]
 Pyruvate
 · 'Did', 'By' and 'Pies' tell you the first part of those three: di-, bi-, and
 py-.
 · 'PrEPare' tells location of PEP in the process.

 Citric acid cycle compounds "Oh Citric Acid
 Is Of (course) A SiLly STupid Funny
 Molecule":
 Oxaloacetate
 Citrate
 Aconitate
 Isocitrate
 Oxalosuccinate
 Alpha-ketoglutarate
 SuccinyL-CoA
 SuccinaTe
 Fumarate
 Malate
 · SilLy and sTupid used to differentiate succinyL and succinaTe

 Essential amino acids "PVT. TIM HALL always argues,
never tires":
Phe
Val
Thr
Trp
Ile
Met
His
Arg
Lue
Lys
· Always argues: the A is for Arg, not Asp.
· 'Never tires': T is not Tyr, but is both Thr and Trp.


 Orbital names before alphabetical order begins "Sober
People Don't Find Good In Killing":
Orbital names for electrons are S,P,D,F,G,I,K.
After that, alphabetical order begins.

 Oxidation vs. reduction: electron gain/loss "LEO the
lion says GER":
Lose Electrons = Oxidation.
Gain Electrons = Reduction.

 Benzene ring: order of substituents Meta: the two
sticks representing functional groups make a capital letter M with the
ring.
Otho: can close the top of the functional groups and make a boxy capital
letter O.

 Cis/trans (geometric) isomer nomenclature "Zame Zide.
Epposite.":
Z is the 2 functional groups on the same side of double bond.
E is for opposite sides.

 Oxidation vs. reduction: electron gain/loss OIL RIG:
Oxidation Is Loss (of electrons).
Reduction Is Gain (of electrons).

 Cation vs. anion: positive vs. negative The t in cation
looks like a plus sign: "ca+ion".
Cation is positive, anion is negative.

 Oxidation vs. reduction: electrochemical cell and electron gain/loss
AN OIL RIG CAT:
At the ANode, Oxidation Involves Loss of electrons.
Reduction Involves Gaining electrons at the CAThode.

 Gibb's free energy formula "Good Honey Tastes
Sweet":
(delta)G = H - T(delta)S

 Anion vs. cation charge ANion is A Negative
ion.

 Benzene ring: order of substituents "Benzene likes to 
ROMP":
· From R group moving around the ring:
R group
Ortho
Meta
Para



 B vitamin names "The Rhythm Nearly Proved
 Contagious":
 · In increasing order:
 Thiamine (B1)
 Riboflavin (B2)
 Niacin (B3)
 Pyridoxine (B6)
 Cobalamin (B12)

 Hunter's syndrome "Hunter's are aggressive, clear-sighted, and shoot for the X"  Mild Hurler's syndrome (gargoylism, developmental delay, airway obstruction) with aggressive behavior and without corneal clouding; XLR  Deficiency in Iduronate sulfatase

 Testosterone conversion to DiHydroTestosterone
 Dihydrotestosterone is an active form of testosterone. Its conversion needs an
 enzyme :
 Five
 Alpha
 Reductase
 · This reaction occurs in the peripheral ("FAR") tissue such as adipose
 tissue.

 DKA: signs DKA:
 Dehydrated
 Ketones/ Kussmaul breathing/ K drops

 Acidosis 

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