NORMAL VALUES

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LAB / DIAGNOSTIC TEST
NORMAL VALUE
ARTERIAL BLOOD GASES
pH
7.35-7.45
HCO3
22-26 mmol/L
PCO2
35-45 mmHg
PO2
75-100 mmHg
SO2 / O2SAT
96-100%
BLOOD CHEMISTRY
Albumin
3.5-5.0 g/dL
Glucose
80-120 mg/dL
SERUM ELECTROLYTES
K
3.5-5.0 mEq/L
Na
135-145 mEq/L
Ca
8.5-10.5 mg/dL
Mg
1.5-2.0 mEq/L
Cl
100-106 mEq/L
HEMATOLOGY
RBC
M
4.6-6.2 M/cu mm
F
4.2-5.9 M/cu mm
RBC Lifespan
80-120 days
Hematocrit
M
45-52%
F
37-48%
Hemoglobin
M
13-18 g/dL
F
12-16 g/dL
WBC
4,000-10,000/cu mm
Platelet
150,000-300,000/cu mm
COAGULATION TESTS
PT
***warfarin***
10-12 sec
APTT
***heparin***
21-35 sec
Bleeding Time
3-7 min
LIVER FUNCTION TESTS
SGOT / AST
M
15-40 U/L
F
13-35 U/L
SGPT / ALT
M
10-40 U/L
F
7-35 U/L
Total Bilirubin
0.3-1.2 mg/dL
KIDNEY FUNCTION TESTS
Urine Output
30-60 cc/hr
BUN
6-23 mg/Dl
Creatinine
15-25 mg/kg of body weight/day
Uric Acid
M
4.0-9.0 mg/dL
F
3.0-6.5 mg/dL
METABOLIC WASTES
Ammonia
12-55 μmol/L
Lactic Acid
0.6-1.8 mEq/L
Uric Acid
3.0-7.0 mg/dL
LIPID PANEL
Total Cholesterol
< 200 mg/dL
HDL
30-75 mg/dL
LDL
< 130 mg/dL
Triglycerides
40-150 mg/dL
CARDIAC MARKERS
CPK-MB
0-5 ng/mL
Troponin I
0-0.1 ng/mL
HEMODYNAMICS
Mean Arterial Pressure
70-90 mmHg
Pulse Pressure
30-40 mmHg
Cardiac Output
4-8 L/min
Central Venous Pressure
2-6 mmHg
Pulmonary Artery Wedge Pressure
10-15 mmHg
Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure
4-12 mmHg
ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY
SA Node Firing Rate
60-100 bpm
AV Node Firing Rate
40-60 bpm
THERAPEUTIC VALUES
Digoxin
0.5-2.0 μg/L
Lithium
0.6-1.2 mEq/L
Phenytoin
10-20 μg/mL
DISEASE MARKERS
CA 125
***cancer***
< 35 U/mL
AFP
***hepatocarcinoma***
200-400 mg/dL
VMA (Vanillylmandelic Acid)
***pheochromocytoma***
1.4-6.5mg/24hr
Prostate Specific Antigen
***prostate cancer***
<4 ml="" ng="" span="">
ESR
***inflammation***
0-15 mm/hr
C-Reactive Protein (CRP)
***inflammation***
0-4.9 mg/L
Rheumatoid Factor
***rheumatoid arthritis***
0-20 IU/mL
Blood Alcohol Level
<0 .03="" span="">
PEDIATRIC RESPIRATORY FUNCTION
L:S Ratio
2:1
BLOOD LOSS
NSVD
500cc
CS
1000cc
Monthly Menses
¼ cup or 30-50 cc
MUCOSAL PH
Vagina
4.5-5.5
Stomach
< 4.0
OPTOMETRY
IOP
10-21 mmHg
Normal Vision
20/20
Legally Blind
200/20
CEREBROSPINAL FLUID
ICP
4-10 mmHg
CSF Amount
150 mL
CSF Pressure
75-150 mmH2O
PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT
CRT
2-3 sec
Bowel Sounds
5-35 per minute
Rinne Test
AC > BC
Webber Test
BC > AC
# of Permanent Teeth
32
# of Ribs
12 pairs
# of Vertebrae
Cervical
8
Thoracic
12
Lumbar
5
Sacral
5
Coccyx
1
# of Bones
Child
260
Adult
206
# of Muscles
620
REPRODUCTIVE
Ejaculation Volume
3-5 mL
Sperm Count
20-200 M/mL
SPECIFIC DIAGNOSTICS
Tourniquet
<20 inch="" petechiae="" span="" sq="">
Mantoux
<10mm 48-72="" hrs="" in="" span="">
Sweat Chloride
<60 meq="" span="">
LABOR & DELIVERY
Lochia
Rubra
1-3 days
Serosa
4-7 days
Alba
8-10 days
Term Labor
37-42 weeks
Age of Viability
20 weeks
Amniotic Fluid
800-1,200 mL
Cervical Dilation
Latent
0-3 cm
Active
4-7 cm
Transition
8-10 cm
Head Circumference
34-35 cm
Chest Circumference
32-33 cm
Length
46-54 cm
Weight
2.5-3.4 kg
MIXTURES
ORESOL
1L H2O: 1tsp salt : 8 tsp sugar
Benedict’s Test
5mL Benedict’s +
8-10 drops urine
Saline Solution
1 L H2O + 2 tsp salt
Paraffin Wax
7:1 (wax : mineral oil)
PREGNANCY WEIGHT GAIN
1st Trimester
1 lb/mo
2nd Trimester
1 lb/wk
3rd Trimester
1 lb/wk
STAFFING
AM Shift
45%
PM Shift
37%
Night Shift
18%
RESEARCH
Null Hypothesis Alpha
0.05

SPECIMEN
AMOUNT TO COLLECT
Sputum
15-30 mL
Semen
3-5 mL
Stool
Formed
1 inch
Liquid
15 mL
Urine
Clean
15-30 mL
Sterile
5 mL
Centesis
3-5 mL


AGE GROUP
NORMAL RANGE
PULSE RATE
Newborn
100-170 bpm
1 yr
80-170 bpm
3 yr
80-130 bpm
6 yr
75-120 bpm
Adult
60-100 bpm
RESPIRATORY RATE
Newborn
30-50 bpm
1 yr
20-40 bpm
3 yr
20-30 bpm
6 yr
16-22 bpm
Adult
12-20 bpm
BLOOD PRESSURE
Newborn
65-95/30-60
1 yr
65-115/40-80
3 yr
75-120/45-85
6 yr
85-115/50-65
Adult
90-120/60-80

SOURCES: 
Davis' Comprehensive Handbook of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests 
Maternal and Child Health Nursing by A. Pilliteri
Mosby's PDQ for Nursing
and other various source...


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notes.nursium.com: NORMAL VALUES
NORMAL VALUES
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