Drug pheniramine maleate Action, Indication, Adverse Reactions, Contraindications & Cautions, Nursing Considerations, Patient Teaching


Pheniramine maleate
 Brand Name- Avil


Therapeutic class: Antihistamines
Pharmacologic class: Alkylamines


Competes with histamine for H1-receptor sites on effector cells. Drug prevents, but doesn’t reverse, histamine-mediated responses.


Allergic conditions
Prophylaxis of motion sickness
Allergic conjunctivitis

Adverse Reactions

CNS: drowsiness, stimulation, sedation, excitability in children.
CV: hypotension, palpitations, weak pulse.
GI: dry mouth, epigastric distress.
GU: urine retention.
Respiratory: thick bronchial secretions.
Skin: rash, urticaria, pallor.

Contraindications & Cautions

Contraindicated in patients having acute asthmatic attacks and in those with angle-closure glaucoma, symptomatic prostatic hyperplasia, pyloroduodenal obstruction, or bladder neck obstruction.
Contraindicated in patients taking MAO inhibitors.
Use cautiously in elderly patients and in those with increased IOP, hyperthyroidism, hypertension, bronchial asthma, urine retention, prostatic hyperplasia, stenosing peptic ulcerations, and CV, liver, or renal disease.

Nursing Considerations

Stop drug 4 days before diagnostic skin testing because antihistamines can prevent, reduce, or mask positive skin test response.
Monitor patient for signs and symptoms of bowel obstruction (nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain).
Monitor elderly patients for dizziness, sedation, confusion, dry mouth, constipation and hypotension.

Patient Teaching

Warn patient to avoid alcohol and hazardous activities that require alertness until CNS effects of drug are known.
Inform patient that sugarless gum, hard candy, or ice chips may relieve dry mouth.
Instruct patient to notify prescriber if tolerance develops because a different antihistamine may need to be prescribed.
Advise patient that extended-release tablets should be swallowed whole and not crushed, chewed, or divided.
Advise patient or caregiver to measure and give oral syrup by dosing syringe, dosing spoon, or dosing cup for accuracy.
May impair ability to drive or operate machinery. Has potential for abuse. Narrow angle glaucoma, asthma or severe CV disease. Antiemetic effect may mask signs of other conditions. Pregnancy and lactation. Elderly.



anaphysio,3,ASEPSIS AND INFECTION CONTROL,9,audio,1,biochemistry,2,blog,1,BSN Notes: Assessment in Psychiatry,6,BSN Notes: Burns,11,BSN Notes: Care of Terminally Ill Patients,6,BSN Notes: Childhood and Developmental Disorders,6,BSN Notes: Common Behavioural and Social Problems,4,BSN Notes: Common Childhood Diseases,7,BSN Notes: Common Signs And Symptoms,32,BSN Notes: Community Mental Health Nursing,12,BSN Notes: Critical Care,12,BSN Notes: Disaster and Emergency,15,BSN Notes: ENT,8,BSN Notes: Eye,25,BSN Notes: History and Assessment,24,BSN Notes: Introduction of Psychiatry,27,BSN Notes: Legal Issues In Psychiatry,4,BSN Notes: Medication Administration,24,BSN Notes: Neuritic_Stress related and Somatization Disorders,10,BSN Notes: Neurology,6,BSN Notes: Oncological Nursing,8,BSN Notes: Organic Brain Disorders,1,BSN Notes: Oxygenation,3,BSN Notes: Personality_Sexual and Eating Disorders,5,BSN Notes: Principles and Concepts of Psychiatry Nursing,2,BSN Notes: Psych-pharmacology and Other Treatment Modalities,30,BSN Notes: Psychiatry Emergencies and Crisis Intervention,4,BSN Notes: Psychosocial Needs,5,BSN Notes: Schizophrenia and othe Psychotic Disorders,4,BSN Notes: The healthy child,5,BSN Notes: TNPR,9,BSN Notes: Urinary Elimination,14,chn,41,clinicalkannada,4,clinicals1,35,clinicals2,10,clinicals3,26,clinicals4,11,Code of Ethics,3,community,7,Critical thinking,7,drugs,3,Equipment & Linen,9,Equipments & Linen,1,Etics and Legal,1,exa,1,exam,11,featured,19,fon,141,fon3,141,fun,1,geriatric,1,graphic,1,Growth and Development,5,he,93,hotspot,6,kannada,54,language,1,Machinery,10,Medications,1,Memory Tools,9,mhn,126,microbiology,3,misc,2,mnemonics,48,msn,137,NCLEX,13,ncp,27,news,4,obg,28,OBG Medications,1,Peri- operative Nursing,2,pharma,29,Physical Examination and Assessment,9,Psychology,2,Pulse,7,resources,1,Respiration,4,Transitional care,1,Ventilators,5,voice,2,
notes.nursium.com: Drug pheniramine maleate Action, Indication, Adverse Reactions, Contraindications & Cautions, Nursing Considerations, Patient Teaching
Drug pheniramine maleate Action, Indication, Adverse Reactions, Contraindications & Cautions, Nursing Considerations, Patient Teaching
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy