Urinary Elimination: Urine Testing


Urinalysis is the testing of the physical characteristics and composition of freshly voided urine.
·        Routine urine analysis :include

·        PH
·        Protein
·        Glucose
·        Ketones
·        Blood
·        Specific gravity
·        Microscopic examinations
ü WBC(0-4 per low power field)
ü Bacteria
ü casts
Urine testing-specific gravity:
Ø It is an indicator of urine concentration/amount of solutes (metabolic wastes and electrolytes) in the urine.


Provide a means for elimination for clients who are confined to bed or unable to get to the bathroom or bedside commode independently or safely
Ø Assess the condition of the patient
Ø A man voids more easily in the standing position. If the man cannot reach toilet facilities, have him stand at the bedside and void into the urinal (a metal or plastic)
Ø At times it is necessary for one or more nurses to help a man stand
If the patient cannot move out of the bed:-
·        Provide Privacy
·        Place the mackintosh with towel under the client's hip
·        Wear gloves
·        Expose perineal area
·        Place the penis inside the urinal and ask the patient to void
If metal urinal warm by pouring warm water

Urine should not allow to be left standing for a long time because a deposit will form on the inside, which is almost impossible to remove.



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notes.nursium.com: Urinary Elimination: Urine Testing
Urinary Elimination: Urine Testing
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