National policy and legislation in relation to maternal health and welfare


National Population Policy
·         Address the unmet needs for basic reproductive and child health services, supplies and infrastructure.
·         Reduce infant and maternal mortality.
·         Achieve universal immunization of children against all vaccine preventable diseases.
·         Promote delayed marriage for girls, not earlier than 18 and preferably after 20 years of age.
·         Achieve 80% institutional deliveries and 100% deliveries by trained persons.
·         Achieve universal access to information /counselling, and services for fertility regulation and contraception with wide basket of choices.
·         Achieve 100% registration of birth, deaths, marriage and pregnancy.
·         Contain the spread of AIDS, and promote greater integration between the management of reproductive tract infections and sexually transmitted infections and the National AIDS control organization.
·         Integrate Indian System of Medicine in the provision of reproductive and child health services and in reaching out to households.
·         Promote vigorously the small family norm to achieve replacement levels of TFR.

The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act -1971
Conditions under which pregnancy can be terminated ( medical, eugenic, humanitarian, socioeconomic, failure of contraceptive).
Persons who can perform such terminations (Registered Medical practitioner).
The place where such termination can be performed (institution approved for the purpose)
 Dais were unwilling to trained and patients will to accept the old customary methods. In 1926 Midwives Registration Act formed for the purpose of better training of midwives.

Establishment of Indian nursing council and state nursing council.
The INC was constituted to establish a uniform standard of education for nurses, midwives, health visitors and auxiliary nurse midwives. The INC act was passed following an ordinance on December 31st 1947.

The pre-conception & pre-natal diagnostic techniques (prohibition of sex selection) act — 1994.
This Act may be called "the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Amendment Act, 2002
The Consumer Protection Act, 1986. Right to safety, Right to informed, Right to choose, Right to be heard, Right to seek compensation.

National programs related to mother and child health 
·         Maternal and child health program
·         Integrated child development service scheme  
·         Child Survival and Safe Motherhood program
·         Reproductive and child health program
·         Janani Suraksha yojna
Maternal and child health program:
·         To reduce maternal, infant and childhood mortality and morbidity.
·         Promote reproductive health
·         To promote physical and psychological development of children.
·         Integrated child development service scheme
·         Promotion of maternal and child health and nutrition.
Child Survival and Safe Motherhood program  
·         Newborn care
·         Immunization
·         Prevention of hypothermia & infection
·         Promotion of exclusive breast feeding
·         Referral of sick newborns
·         Management of acute diarrhea
Reproductive and child health program
·         Prevention and management of unwanted pregnancy 
·         Antenatal, delivery and postnatal services
·         Child survival services for newborns and infants
·         Management of reproductive tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases.
Janani Suraksha yojna
·         Reduction of MMR & IMR
·         Focus on Institutional delivery
·         NRHM
·         Accredited Social Health Activists- ASHA - Contraception, Immunization, supply folic acid tablets.
·         Reduction in infant mortality rate, maternal mortality rate
Janani Shishu Suraksha Yojana
Targeting mother and baby together for betterment of both .



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item National policy and legislation in relation to maternal health and welfare
National policy and legislation in relation to maternal health and welfare
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