Nursing Mnemonics Collection Part -8

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Mental retardation: nursing care plan—"three Rs"

Regularity (provide routine and structure)
Reward (positive reinforcement)
Redundancy (repeat)


Myocardial infarction: treatment—"M2 ONA"

MONA greets every M.I.:
Monitor/Morphine
Oxygen
Nitroglycerin
Aspirin


Newborn assessment components—"APGAR"

Appearance
Pulse
Grimace
Activity
Respiratory effort


Obstetric (maternity) history—"GTPAL"

Gravida
Term
Preterm
Abortions (SAB, TAB)
Living children


Oral contraceptives: signs of potential problems—"ACHES"

Abdominal pain (possible liver or gallbladder problem)
Chest pain or shortness of breath (possible pulmonary embolus)
Headache (possible hypertension, brain attack)
Eye problems (possible hypertension or vascular accident)
Severe leg pain (possible thromboembolic process)


Pain: assessment—"PQRST"

What Provokes the pain?
What is the Quality of the pain?
Does the pain Radiate?
What is the Severity of the pain?
What is the Timing of the pain?


Pain: management—"ABCDE"

Ask about the pain
Believe when clients say they have pain
Choices—let clients know their choices
Deliver what you can, when you said you would
Empower/Enable clients' control over pain


Postoperative complications: order—"four Ws"

Wind (pulmonary)
Wound
Water (urinary tract infection)
Walk (thrombophlebitis)


Preterm infant: anticipated problems—"TRIES"

Temperature regulation (poor)
Resistance to infections (poor)
Immature liver
Elimination problems (necrotizing enterocolitis [NEC])
Sensory-perceptual functions (retinopathy of prematurity [ROP])


Psychotropic medications: common antidepressives (tricyclics)—"VENT"

Vivactil
Elavil
Norpramin
Tofranil


Schizophrenia: primary symptoms—"four As"

Affect
Ambivalence
Associative looseness
Autism


Sprain: nursing care plan—"RICE"

Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevation


Stool assessment—"ACCT"

Amount
Color
Consistency
Timing


Tracheoesophageal fistula: assessment—"three Cs"

Coughing
Choking
Cyanosis


Traction: nursing care plan—"TRACTION"

Trapeze bar overhead to raise and lower upper body
Requires free-hanging weights; body alignment
Analgesia for pain, prn
Circulation (check color and pulse)
Temperature (check extremity)
Infection prevention
Output (monitor)
Nutrition (alteration related to immobility)


Transient ischemic attacks: assessment—"three Ts"

Temporary unilateral visual impairment
Transient paralysis (one-sided)
Tinnitus = vertigo


Trauma care: complications—"T2 RAUMA"

Thromboembolism; Tissue perfusion, altered
Respiration, altered
Anxiety related to pain and prognosis
Urinary elimination, altered
Mobility impaired
Alterations in sensory-perceptual functions and skin integrity (infections)


Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (alcohol-associated neurological disorder)—"COAT RACK"

Wernicke's encephalopathy (acute phase): clinical features:

Confusion
Ophthalmoplegia
Ataxia
Thiamine is an important aspect of Tx

Korsakoff's psychosis (chronic phase): characteristic findings:

Retrograde amnesia ( recall of some old memories)
Anterograde amnesia (↓ability to form new memories)
Confabulation
Korsakoff 's psychosis

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notes.nursium.com: Nursing Mnemonics Collection Part -8
Nursing Mnemonics Collection Part -8
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